Access

You are not currently logged in.

Access your personal account or get JSTOR access through your library or other institution:

login

Log in to your personal account or through your institution.

If You Use a Screen Reader

This content is available through Read Online (Free) program, which relies on page scans. Since scans are not currently available to screen readers, please contact JSTOR User Support for access. We'll provide a PDF copy for your screen reader.

Democracia pluralista, partidos políticos e relação de representação

Joaquim Aguiar
Análise Social
Terceira Série, Vol. 24, No. 100 (1988), pp. 59-76
Stable URL: http://www.jstor.org/stable/41010748
Page Count: 18
  • Read Online (Free)
  • Subscribe ($19.50)
  • Cite this Item
Since scans are not currently available to screen readers, please contact JSTOR User Support for access. We'll provide a PDF copy for your screen reader.
Democracia pluralista, partidos políticos e relação de representação
Preview not available

Abstract

Sendo a relação de representação um factor essencial de legitimação do exercício do poder democrático, todos os processos de condicionamento da expressão da vontade eleitoral que está na origem dessa relação põem em causa o valor da função de legitimação. A evolução recente das condições da acção política, revelando um grau crescente de complexidade, obriga a colocar a questão da possibilidade da representação e, por essa via, fica posta em dúvida a legitimidade da função democrática. Este problema é aqui analisado na perspectiva da função dos partidos politicos e do papel das eleições nas sociedades democráticas modernas, com uma referênda específica à evolução política portuguesa, mostrando que os partidos políticos são estruturas que organizam as possibilidades de representação (em lugar de serem o resultado da representação) e as eleições são oportunidades ratificativas para estratégias elaboradas em antecipação dos resultados (em lugar de serem a oportunidade para lançar novas iniciativas políticas). Si la relation de representation est une condition essentielle de légitimation de l'exercice du pouvoir démocratique, tous les processus de conditionnement de l'expression de Ia volonté électorate — par laquelle cette relation est établie — mettront en doute Ia valeur de la fonction de légitimation. L'evolution récente des conditions de l'action politique — dont le degré de complexité s'accroit —, soulève des doutes sur la possibilite de la representation et, par consequent, sur la stabilité de la légitimation démocratique. Le problème est ici analyse sous la perspective de la fonction des partis politiques et du rôle des élections dans les sociétés démocratiques modernes, avec une référence spécifique à l'evolution politique portugaise. Ceci permet de clarifier les notions d'après lesquelles les partis politiques sont des structures qui organisent les possibilités de représentation (au lieu d'être son résultat), tandis que les élections, à leur tour, sont des opportunités de ratification de strategies élaborées avant la connaissance des résultats électoraux (au lieu d'opportunités pour proposer de nouvelles initiatives politiques). As the representative link is an essential factor for the legitimation of the exercise of democratic power, all the processes that constrain the expression of the electoral will raise doubts on the value of the legitimative function. The recent developments occurred in the conditions of political action, increasingly complex, create a new problematic context for the question of representation and, thus, create new tensions and difficulties for the stability of democratic legitimation. The problem has been analysed taking into account the function of political parties and the role of elections in modern democratic societies, with a reference to the Portuguese political evolution, clarifying the non-intuitive notions that political parties are structures that organize the possibilities of representation (rather than being the result of the representative link with its origin in the electorate's will) and that elections are opportunities for ratifying strategies that are conceived in anticipation of the electoral results (rather than being opportunities for the implementation of original political initiatives as a consequence of the interpretation of the electoral outcome).

Page Thumbnails

  • Thumbnail: Page 
59
    59
  • Thumbnail: Page 
60
    60
  • Thumbnail: Page 
61
    61
  • Thumbnail: Page 
62
    62
  • Thumbnail: Page 
63
    63
  • Thumbnail: Page 
64
    64
  • Thumbnail: Page 
65
    65
  • Thumbnail: Page 
66
    66
  • Thumbnail: Page 
67
    67
  • Thumbnail: Page 
68
    68
  • Thumbnail: Page 
69
    69
  • Thumbnail: Page 
70
    70
  • Thumbnail: Page 
71
    71
  • Thumbnail: Page 
72
    72
  • Thumbnail: Page 
73
    73
  • Thumbnail: Page 
74
    74
  • Thumbnail: Page 
75
    75
  • Thumbnail: Page 
76
    76