Access

You are not currently logged in.

Access your personal account or get JSTOR access through your library or other institution:

login

Log in to your personal account or through your institution.

If You Use a Screen Reader

This content is available through Read Online (Free) program, which relies on page scans. Since scans are not currently available to screen readers, please contact JSTOR User Support for access. We'll provide a PDF copy for your screen reader.

Emprego juvenil e mudança social: velhas teses, novos modos de vida

José Machado Pais
Análise Social
Quarta Série, Vol. 26, No. 114 (1991), pp. 945-987
Stable URL: http://www.jstor.org/stable/41010891
Page Count: 43
  • Read Online (Free)
  • Subscribe ($19.50)
  • Cite this Item
Since scans are not currently available to screen readers, please contact JSTOR User Support for access. We'll provide a PDF copy for your screen reader.
Emprego juvenil e mudança social: velhas teses, novos modos de vida
Preview not available

Abstract

Recentes transformações na estrutura ocupacional e no perfil sectorial do emprego têm induzido importantes modificações nas modalidades de entrada na vida profissional e activa. Contudo, as formas de transição para a vida adulta aparecem também associadas à emergência de novos modos de vida, cujos conteúdos, natureza e diversidade parecem tornar obsoletas as velhas teses que procuram interpretar as dificuldades de inserção profissional de uma forma assaz economicista e, não raramente, caindo em despropositados abusos de generalização, ao tomarem os jovens como um conjunto homogéneo. É o caso da tese estruturalista da inadequação da escola ao trabalho ou da tese da alergia dos jovens ao trabalho. Para fugir a tais abusos de generalização, o autor propõe uma tese bastante menos assertiva em relação àquilo que os jovens possam ter de comum no que respeita a algumas das suas atitudes e representações: a tese das reacções diferenciadas dos jovens em relação ao trabalho, ao emprego e ao desemprego, tanto mais que, perante os novos cenários de mudança, associados às transformações socieconómicas e à emergência de novos modos de vida, as velhas teses parecem revelar-se cada vez mais desajustadas à nova realidade dos factos. La structure des loisirs et le profil sectoriel de l'emploi ont subi de récentes transformations qui ont conduit, à leur tour, à d'importantes modifications dans les modalités d'entrée dans la vie professionnelle et active. Cependant, les formes de transition vers la vie adulte paraissent aussi associées à l'apparition d'autres manières de vivre. Les contenus, la nature et la diversité de ces nouvelles mœurs semblent rendre obsolètes les vieilles thèses cherchant à interpréter les difficultés d'insertion professionnelle d'une façon presque essentiellement rapportée à un problème économique. Ainsi, ces thèses tombent souvent dans des abus déplacés de généralisation en prenant les jeunes comme un ensemble homogène. C'est le cas de la thèse structuraliste. Pour échapper à de tels abus de généralisation, l'auteur propose une thèse bien moins catégorique par rapport à ce que les jeunes peuvent avoir en commun en ce qui concerne quelques-unes de leurs attitudes et représentations. Il s'agit de la thèse des réactions différenciées des jeunes en relation au travail, à l'emploi et au chômage, d'autant plus que les vieilles thèses semblent se révéler de moins em moins adaptées à la nouvelle réalité des faits face aux nouveaux tableaux de changement associés aux transformations socioéconomiques et à l'apparition de nouvelles mœurs. Recent transformations in occupational structures and in the profile of job sectors have brought about substantial changes in the way young people begin their active working life. However, their transition to adult life is also associated with the emergence of new ways of life whose content, nature and diversity seem to make obsolete the old theories which try to interpret difficulties in starting one's working life from the economist's point of view. They often tend to make excessive use of generalizations in considering young people as a homogeneous group. This is the case with the structuralist theory of the inadaptation of school to work or the theory of young people's allergy to work. In order to avoid this type of generalization, the author puts forward a much less assertive theory about that which some young people's attitudes and ideas have in common: the theory of different reactions from young people to work, jobs and unemployment in the changing scene associated with socio-economic changes and the appearance of new ways of life, in which the old theories seem more and more inappropriate to the new reality.

Page Thumbnails

  • Thumbnail: Page 
945
    945
  • Thumbnail: Page 
946
    946
  • Thumbnail: Page 
947
    947
  • Thumbnail: Page 
948
    948
  • Thumbnail: Page 
949
    949
  • Thumbnail: Page 
950
    950
  • Thumbnail: Page 
951
    951
  • Thumbnail: Page 
952
    952
  • Thumbnail: Page 
953
    953
  • Thumbnail: Page 
954
    954
  • Thumbnail: Page 
955
    955
  • Thumbnail: Page 
956
    956
  • Thumbnail: Page 
957
    957
  • Thumbnail: Page 
958
    958
  • Thumbnail: Page 
959
    959
  • Thumbnail: Page 
960
    960
  • Thumbnail: Page 
961
    961
  • Thumbnail: Page 
962
    962
  • Thumbnail: Page 
963
    963
  • Thumbnail: Page 
964
    964
  • Thumbnail: Page 
965
    965
  • Thumbnail: Page 
966
    966
  • Thumbnail: Page 
967
    967
  • Thumbnail: Page 
968
    968
  • Thumbnail: Page 
969
    969
  • Thumbnail: Page 
970
    970
  • Thumbnail: Page 
971
    971
  • Thumbnail: Page 
972
    972
  • Thumbnail: Page 
973
    973
  • Thumbnail: Page 
974
    974
  • Thumbnail: Page 
975
    975
  • Thumbnail: Page 
976
    976
  • Thumbnail: Page 
977
    977
  • Thumbnail: Page 
978
    978
  • Thumbnail: Page 
979
    979
  • Thumbnail: Page 
980
    980
  • Thumbnail: Page 
981
    981
  • Thumbnail: Page 
982
    982
  • Thumbnail: Page 
983
    983
  • Thumbnail: Page 
984
    984
  • Thumbnail: Page 
985
    985
  • Thumbnail: Page 
986
    986
  • Thumbnail: Page 
987
    987