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A construção discursiva da casa popular no Recife (década de 30)

José Tavares Correia de Lira
Análise Social
Quarta Série, Vol. 29, No. 127, HABITAÇÃO NA CIDADE INDUSTRIAL 1870 - 1950 (1994), pp. 733-753
Stable URL: http://www.jstor.org/stable/41011029
Page Count: 21
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A construção discursiva da casa popular no Recife (década de 30)
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Abstract

Discute as maneiras pelas quais a questão da habitação urbana foi colocada na cidade do Recife no princípio do século. Focaliza sobretudo o debate em torno do «mocambo» nos anos 30, ora visto como expressão de uma arquitetura vernácula na região nordestina do Brasil, ora como ameaça à salubridade, moralidade e ordem pública das populações urbanas. Figuras de romantização da cultura popular e do «homem novo» brasileiros são postas em relação com as ideias filantrópicas e doutrinas de «casa popular» projetadas nas primeiras experiências em política habitacional do Estado Novo. Cet article examine comment la question de l'habitation urbaine a été posée dans la ville de Recife au début du siècle. Il focalise le débat autour du «mocambo» des années 30, parfois vu comme l'expression d'une architecture vernaculaire dans la région du nord-est du Brésil, d'autres fois comme une menace à la salubrité, à la moralité et à l'ordre public des populations urbaines. Des figures de romantisation de la culture populaire et de l'«homme nouveau» brésilien sont mises en relation avec les idées philantropiques et les doctrines de «maison populaire», appliquées par l'État nouveau à l'occasion des premières expériences en matière de politique de l'habitation. The paper discusses the ways in which the question of social housing was posed in Recife in the early decades of this century. It focuses on the «mocambo» of the 1930s, both as an example of the architectural vernacular of the North East of Brazil and also as a threat to the health, morality and public order of the urban population. Figures romanticised by popular culture and the «new Brazilian man» are considered in relation to philanthropic ideas and doctrinal notions of «housing for the people» used in the first experiments in housing policy by the New State in Portugal.

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