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A diferença de esperança de vida entre homens e mulheres: Portugal de 1940 a 2007

Isabel Tiago de Oliveira and Maria Filomena Mendes
Análise Social
Vol. 45, No. 194 (2010), pp. 115-138
Stable URL: http://www.jstor.org/stable/41012785
Page Count: 24
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A diferença de esperança de vida entre homens e mulheres: Portugal de 1940 a 2007
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Abstract

Neste artigo são analisadas as diferenças entre as esperanças de vida masculina e feminina, em Portugal de 1940 a 2007, com base na decomposição das contribuições de cada grupo etário e de cada causa de morte. Em termos cronológicos, esta investigação mostra a importância do declínio da mortalidade dos mais jovens na evolução na esperança de vida até aos anos 80 e o significado da descida da mortalidade dos adultos e, em especial, dos idosos na época actual. Relativamente à disparidade de esperança de vida entre os sexos, a desigualdade dependeu fundamentalmente da mortalidade diferencial dos adultos e dos idosos. This research examines life-expectancy differences between men and women in Portugal from 1940 to 2007, based on decomposition methods by age and causes of death. Until the 1980s the contribution from mortality decline among younger ages is very significant, but today the main drivers in life-expectancy gains are adult and elderly mortality decreases. On the contrary, during the entire period, the gender gap in life expectancy was an outcome of the adult and elderly mortality differences.

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