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The Shift of a Hittite Conjunction from the Temporal to the Conditional Sphere

E. Adelaide Hahn
Language
Vol. 20, No. 3 (Jul. - Sep., 1944), pp. 91-107
DOI: 10.2307/410150
Stable URL: http://www.jstor.org/stable/410150
Page Count: 17
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The Shift of a Hittite Conjunction from the Temporal to the Conditional Sphere
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Abstract

Three early Hittite documents are studied for evidence on the shift of man from its original temporal use (in which it was later replaced by mahhan) to its later conditional use (in which it replaced early takku). In these documents man is the only temporal conjunction; both takku and man are conditional conjunctions. (Arguments are offered for so classing a number of instances in the Bilingue which Sommer regards as temporal.) The shift of man from the temporal to the conditional sphere seems to have begun in future general conditions. A statistical summary of occurrences is found at the close of the paper.-A by-product of the investigation is the observation that in the Telepinus the present tense is used to indicate general and iterative action in past time.-N.B. In the transliteration of Hittite words (indicated by lower-case italics) s is written for the traditional š and h for the traditional ḫ.

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