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A Priority Assessment Multi-Criteria Decision Model for Human Spaceflight Mission Planning at NASA

M. Tavana
The Journal of the Operational Research Society
Vol. 57, No. 10 (Oct., 2006), pp. 1197-1215
Stable URL: http://www.jstor.org/stable/4102370
Page Count: 19
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A Priority Assessment Multi-Criteria Decision Model for Human Spaceflight Mission Planning at NASA
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Abstract

Analog missions are real-life, Earth-based science missions whose purpose is to help understand the operations, techniques, and technologies required to perform similar tasks during future human spaceflight missions. The goal of performing an analog mission is to prepare crewmembers and support teams for future space missions in a low risk, low-cost environment. Vehicle, habitat, and surface terrain simulators are used to test hardware, operations, and tasks repeatedly for analog missions. This study presents a multi-criteria decision making model that was developed for the Integrated Human Exploration Mission Simulation Facility project at Johnson Space Center to assess the priority of a set of human spaceflight mission simulators. The proposed framework integrates subjective judgments derived from the analytic hierarchy process with entropy data into a preference model to prioritize five mission simulators for the human exploration of Mars.

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