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Sudden Stops, Financial Crises, and Leverage

Enrique G. Mendoza
The American Economic Review
Vol. 100, No. 5 (DECEMBER 2010), pp. 1941-1966
Stable URL: http://www.jstor.org/stable/41038751
Page Count: 26
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Sudden Stops, Financial Crises, and Leverage
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Abstract

Financial crashes were followed by deep recessions in the Sudden Stops of emerging economies. An equilibrium business cycle model with a collateral constraint explains this phenomenon as a result of the amplification and asymmetry that the constraint induces in the responses of macro-aggregates to shocks. Leverage rises during expansions, and when it rises enough it triggers the constraint, causing a Fisherian deflation that reduces credit and the price and quantity of collateral assets. Output and factor allocations fall because access to working capital financing is also reduced. Precautionary saving makes Sudden Stops low probability events nested within normal cycles, as observed in the data.

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