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Suicide and Homo Duplex an Interpretation of Durkheim's Typology of Suicide

Eugene Hynes
The Sociological Quarterly
Vol. 16, No. 1 (Winter, 1975), pp. 87-104
Published by: Wiley on behalf of the Midwest Sociological Society
Stable URL: http://www.jstor.org/stable/4105537
Page Count: 18
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Suicide and Homo Duplex an Interpretation of Durkheim's Typology of Suicide
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Abstract

The four types of suicide that Durkheim distinguished are implicit in his concept of homo duplex and the view of socialization this entailed. The individual requires both repression of his passions and direction toward society; too much or too little of either of these two processes leads to suicide and each of the four types represents one type of such failure in socialization. Internal evidence from Suicide is used to show that Durkheim did in fact derive the suicide typology from his view of man. From the standpoint of this interpretation, those by Parsons and Douglas and by commentators who equate the anomic and egoistic suicide types are reviewed and their misunderstandings noted. Finally, the interpretation given is used to shed light on other aspects of Durkheim's thought, especially some that are disputed in the secondary literature.

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