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Old and Female: Testing the Double Jeopardy Hypothesis
Neena L. Chappell and Betty Havens
The Sociological Quarterly
Vol. 21, No. 2 (Spring, 1980), pp. 157-171
Stable URL: http://www.jstor.org/stable/4106148
Page Count: 15
You can always find the topics here!Topics: Older adults, Men, Womens health, Wellbeing, Mental health, Double jeopardy, Age, Friendship, Sex linked differences, Socioeconomics
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A double jeopardy hypothesis argues that the combined negative effects of occupying two stigmatized statuses are greater than occupying either status alone. Applying this framework to elderly persons, it can be argued that being female and "old" elderly has more negative consequences than being male and "old" elderly, male and "young" elderly or female and "young" elderly. An empirical test of this hypothesis, using both an objective (mental health status) and a subjective (perceived well-being) indicator as the dependent variable, reveals a confirmation of double jeopardy using the objective quality of life indicator, but not the subjective indicator. Additional analyses of the factors affecting each of the dependent variables, adds further support for the uniqueness of old, elderly women as a social category.
The Sociological Quarterly © 1980 Midwest Sociological Society