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Journal Article

The Manis Mastodon Site: Early Man on the Olympic Peninsula

Carl E. Gustafson, Delbert W. Gilbow and Richard D. Daugherty
Canadian Journal of Archaeology / Journal Canadien d'Archéologie
No. 3 (1979), pp. 157-164
Stable URL: http://www.jstor.org/stable/41102203
Page Count: 8

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Topics: Mastodons, Bones, Alluvium, Ponds, Olympic games, Peninsulas, Cobbles, Tusks, Projectiles, Charcoal
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The Manis Mastodon Site: Early Man on the Olympic Peninsula
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Abstract

The Manis site on the northern Olympic Peninsula near Sequim, Washington, has yielded evidence that a mastodon was butchered there approximately 12,000 years ago. A bone 4 "projectile point" embedded in a mastodon rib and other artifacts made of bone and tusk have been recovered. A single cobble spall tool is the only distinguishable stone artifact associated with the mastodon bones. By 12,000 years ago, coniferous forests had not yet invaded the northern Olympic Peninsula, and shrub-tundra vegetation characterized the region. Evidence of later occupation at the site is provided by a leaf-shaped, basalt "Olcott" point found directly above a layer of volcanic ash derived from Mt. Mazama. Au site Manis situé au nord de la péninsule Olympic près de Sequim, Washington, on a trouvé des évidences qu'un mastodonte fut dépecé par l'homme il y a environ 12 000 ans. Une "pointe de projectile" en os enfoncée dans une côte de mastodonte et d'autres outils en os et en ivoire ont aussi été trouvés. Le seul outil lithique identifiable associé aux os du mastodonte était un "cobble spall tool". A cette époque, les forêts de conifères n'avaient pas encore envahi cette péninsule et une végétation de toundra arbustive caractérisait alors la région. Une occupation plus récente de ce site est confirmée par la présence d'une pointe foliacée "Olcott" en basalte immédiatement au-dessus d'une couche de cendres volcaniques dérivées du mont Mazama.

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