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When in Doubt, Put It in Flacourtiaceae: A Molecular Phylogenetic Analysis Based on Plastid rbcL DNA Sequences

Mark W. Chase, Sue Zmarzty, M. Dolores Lledó, Kenneth J. Wurdack, Susan M. Swensen and Michael F. Fay
Kew Bulletin
Vol. 57, No. 1 (2002), pp. 141-181
Published by: Springer on behalf of Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew
DOI: 10.2307/4110825
Stable URL: http://www.jstor.org/stable/4110825
Page Count: 41
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When in Doubt, Put It in Flacourtiaceae: A Molecular Phylogenetic Analysis Based on Plastid rbcL DNA Sequences
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Abstract

Circumscription of Flacourtiaceae was investigated with a phylogenetic analysis of plastid rbcL DNA sequences, and the family was found to be composed of two clades that are more closely related to other families in Malpighiales than to each other. In one of these, that containing the type genus Flacourtia, Salicaceae are embedded, whereas the other clade includes the members of the peculiar and poorly known South African Achariaceae. The latter family name is conserved against all listed synonyms. Thus we propose the recognition of two families: i) Salicaceae sensu lato, including tribes Banareae, Bembicieae, Scolopieae, Samydeae (syn. Casearieae), Homalieae, Flacourtieae, Prockieae and Saliceae, as well as Abatieae (by some authors of Passifloraceae) and Scyphostegieae (Scyphostegia of the monogeneric Scyphostegiaceae); and ii) Achariaceae sensu lato, including tribes Pangieae, Lindackerieae, Erythrospermeae and Acharieae (Acharia, Ceratiosicyos and Guthriea of Achariaceae). Several genera considered by many previous authors to be members of Flacourtiaceae are excluded from Malpighiales: Berberidopsis and Aphloia fall near the base of the higher eudicots. Several tribes require different names from those used in previous systems, and we include an appendix indicating a tentative revised tribal taxonomy for both Salicaceae and Achariaceae sensu lato.

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