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Sociální integrace přistěhovalců z velkoměsta na vesnici v České republice a v Rakousku / The Social Integration of Migrants from Cities to Villages in the Czech Republic and in Austria

JOSEF BERNARD
Sociologický Časopis / Czech Sociological Review
Vol. 42, No. 4 (SRPEN 2006), pp. 741-760
Stable URL: http://www.jstor.org/stable/41111100
Page Count: 20
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Since scans are not currently available to screen readers, please contact JSTOR User Support for access. We'll provide a PDF copy for your screen reader.
Sociální integrace přistěhovalců z velkoměsta na vesnici v České republice a v Rakousku / The Social Integration of Migrants from Cities to Villages in the Czech Republic and in Austria
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Abstract

The article deals with the topic of migration from cities to villages in the Czech Republic and Austria and the opportunities for the social integration of newcomers. It relates partly to the problems of suburbanisation but is not limited to just migration to suburban villages. The analysis is based on a qualitative study conducted in 2003-2004 using grounded theory, and it examines the subjective viewpoints of the incomers and their assessments of their situation. The author reveals two different patterns of motivation for migration, presents a typology of relationships between the incomers and the village community, and distinguishes three basic ’Orientations’ among the incomers: a village orientation, a city orientation, and an orientation towards self-sufficiency. These specific orientations emerge in the process of mutual interaction between the preferences of the incomers and the integration opportunities offered by particular villages; they are not exclusive and can change over time. The author closes with a summary of the differences between the situation in the Czech Republic and Austria, which may be a result of different structural conditions and different historical backgrounds.

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