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Formální a neformální organizace

BEDŘICH WEINER
Sociologický Časopis / Czech Sociological Review
Roč. 4, Čís. 2 (1968), pp. 184-191
Stable URL: http://www.jstor.org/stable/41127640
Page Count: 8
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Formální a neformální organizace
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Abstract

The paper characterizes formal and informal organizations and their conception in the socialist system. First of all, it states that the formulation of the problem as well as the terminology are acceptable also for the Marxist sociology. The formal organization is characterized as a project realized for the purpose of fulfilling some social aim. The importance of such features of the formal organization as hierarchy and authority, division of the rights of responsibility and power, position and status, is emphasized. The informal organization is conceived in the broadest possible sense as a totality not only of informal groups, leaders and relations, but also of informal values. The informal organization isof special importance for the formation of the climate of an interprise. The causes of the rise of informal organizations lie in the natural collectivity of people, in mutual relations (i.e. the psychological sphere), in mutual interests; in capitalism also class aspects play a certain role (which must be neither understimated nor overstimated). In socialism the moment of protection and security against various fluctuation may be added. Special importance is attributed to the role of the Party and trade-unions which are characterized as being, to a certain extent, formally informal and informally formal. Their importance lies in the fact that they may, by their approach, either create a relatively high degree of harmony or, by a one-sided inclination to a formal (or informal) aspect of the organization, impair the relations and the balance of the enterprise.

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