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Geneze novodobého konzervatismu jako problém sociálních věd ve 20. století / The Genesis of Modern Conservatism as a Problem of 20th Century Social Sciences

PAVEL KOLÁŘ
Sociologický Časopis / Czech Sociological Review
Roč. 35, Čís. 4 (PROSINEC 1999), pp. 375-395
Stable URL: http://www.jstor.org/stable/41131487
Page Count: 21
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Since scans are not currently available to screen readers, please contact JSTOR User Support for access. We'll provide a PDF copy for your screen reader.
Geneze novodobého konzervatismu jako problém sociálních věd ve 20. století / The Genesis of Modern Conservatism as a Problem of 20th Century Social Sciences
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Abstract

This article analyses debates which have taken place in the social sciences since the 1920's concerning the genesis and character of modern European conservatism, with a special focus on Germany. It concentrates on selected analytical studies that conceived of conservatism as an historical and social phenomenon. Studies which assumed a moralising or prescriptive standpoint, thus reducing conservatism to a mere political attitude or a Weltanschauung, are not considered. The author adopts the typological formulations for interpreting conservatism developed by S. Huntington and K. Lenk, which distinguish between three types of approaches: socio-historical, anthropological and situational. Although the studies commented on differ considerably, all viewed the French Revolution as a decisive factor for the genesis of modern conservatism. Exploring the historical development of twentieth century theories of conservatism with the help of empirical research of the revolutionary epoch allows a more precise and contextualised understanding of such concepts. Applying any single one of these concepts is not sufficient to cover the whole spectrum of anti-revolutionary attitudes and actions, embedded as they are in often divergent national contexts. It is necessary, therefore, to locate the historical typologies of conservatism in respect to both its ideological structure as well as to its social carriers.

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