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Spatial variations in the progress of land reform in Romania

Floarea Bordanc
GeoJournal
Vol. 38, No. 2, Agricultural Change in Eastern Europe (February 1996), pp. 161-165
Published by: Springer
Stable URL: http://www.jstor.org/stable/41146823
Page Count: 5
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Spatial variations in the progress of land reform in Romania
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Abstract

Romania's socialist agricultural sector has been transformed by a series of measures taken after the revolution of 1989. A new farm structure is emerging out of the restitution provided for under the Land Law of 1991. There are striking spatial variations in different aspects of the privatisation process, especially the contrasting situations between the hill country (with heavy pressure on land) and the plains (where there is much better supply in relation to demand). Very small units of land ownership are being grouped into larger functional units for management by associations which are especially prominent in the main cropping zones. Meanwhile individual smallholdings are predominant in the hill and mountain zones. Despite a desire for owner-occupation, association is often advantageous through efficient deployment of machinery and some 40 percent of land allocated to individual peasants is being worked by some 20,000 associations. However, the situation has not yet stabilised and it is emphasised that small farms should be regarded not simply as agricultural units but as the cores of diversified enterprises characterised increasingly by pluriactivity

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