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Journal Article

Musical Training Enhances Information Processing Speed

Jennifer Bugos and Wendy Mostafa
Bulletin of the Council for Research in Music Education
No. 187 (WINTER 2011), pp. 7-18
Stable URL: http://www.jstor.org/stable/41162320
Page Count: 12
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Since scans are not currently available to screen readers, please contact JSTOR User Support for access. We'll provide a PDF copy for your screen reader.
Musical Training Enhances Information Processing Speed
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Abstract

The purpose of this research is to examine the effects of music instruction on information processing speed. We examined music's role on information processing speed in musicians (N = 14) and non-musicians (N = 16) using standardized neuropsychological measures, the Paced Auditory Serial Addition Task (PASAT) and the Trail Making Test (TMT). Results of a One Way ANOVA indicate significantly (p < .05) enhanced performance by musicians compared to non-musicians on the PASAT and TMT (Part A and B). These results suggest that musical training has the capacity to enhance processing speed of auditory and visual content. Implications for music educators stemming from these findings include the need for inclusion of rhythmic sight-reading exercises and improvisational activities to reinforce processing speed.

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