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Sonorant Clusters in Greek

Paul Kiparsky
Language
Vol. 43, No. 3, Part 1 (Sep., 1967), pp. 619-635
DOI: 10.2307/411806
Stable URL: http://www.jstor.org/stable/411806
Page Count: 17
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Sonorant Clusters in Greek
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Abstract

The split of IE *VRs and *VsR into VRR in Lesbian and Thessalian and V̄R in the other dialects cuts a striking isogloss through ancient Greece. This split may be related to other developments of Greek by applying Jakobson's feature system to four Greek sound changes, all of them in essence well known and widely accepted. It is then shown that this suffices to solve, with no modification of the rules, the problem of the reflexes of IE *ws and *sy in Greek, and accounts for such hitherto ill-explained developments as *awsōs > Doric āwōs, Lesbian auōs 'dawn'; *awsēr > Ionic āēr, Lesbian auēr 'lower atmosphere'; *dewsomai > Attic déomai, Lesbian and Thessalian deúomai 'need'; *dhusyō > Ionic thūō, Aeolic thuiō 'rage'; and gen. *-osyo > Attic and Ionic *-ōo > -ō Aeolic -oio.

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