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Reconciling Work and Family Life: The Effect of the French Paid Parental Leave

Julie Moschion
Annals of Economics and Statistics
No. 99/100, MEASURING DISCRIMINATIONS (JULY/DECEMBER 2010), pp. 217-246
Published by: GENES on behalf of ADRES
DOI: 10.2307/41219166
Stable URL: http://www.jstor.org/stable/41219166
Page Count: 30
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Since scans are not currently available to screen readers, please contact JSTOR User Support for access. We'll provide a PDF copy for your screen reader.
Reconciling Work and Family Life: The Effect of the French
                            Paid Parental Leave
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Abstract

In France, having more than two children has a causal negative impact on mothers' labour supply. The question addressed in this paper is whether the paid parental leave alters this effect. To address this issue, we focus on a reform that modified the conditions in which labour decisions are taken. In July 1994, the Allocation parentale d'éducation was extended to parents of two children (among which one is less than three years old). We show that after the reform, that is, when families of two and more than two children have the same incentive to take a paid parental leave, having more than two children no longer has a negative effect on the participation probability of mothers. In addition, this is particularly true for mothers graduating from secondary school at most, who happen to be the main recipients of the benefit. En France, avoir plus de deux enfants a un effet causal négatif sur l'offre de travail des mères. Cet article pose la question de savoir si l'allocation parentale d'éducation altère cet effet. Pour y répondre, nous nous concentrons sur la réforme de 1994 qui a modifié les conditions dans lesquelles les décisions d'offre de travail sont prises. En juillet 1994, l'allocation parentale d'éducation a été étendue aux parents de deux enfants (dont un de moins de trois ans). Nous trouvons qu'après la réforme, c'est-à-dire au moment où les parents de deux et plus de deux enfants sont éligibles à l'allocation parentale d'éducation, avoir plus de deux enfants n'a plus d'effet négatif sur la probabilité d'activité des mères. Et cela concerne en particulier les mères ayant un diplôme inférieur ou égal au baccalauréat, qui se trouvent être les principales bénéficiaires de la mesure.

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