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A Simplest Systematics for the Organization of Turn-Taking for Conversation

Harvey Sacks, Emanuel A. Schegloff and Gail Jefferson
Language
Vol. 50, No. 4, Part 1 (Dec., 1974), pp. 696-735
DOI: 10.2307/412243
Stable URL: http://www.jstor.org/stable/412243
Page Count: 40
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A Simplest Systematics for the Organization of Turn-Taking for Conversation
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Abstract

The organization of taking turns to talk is fundamental to conversation, as well as to other speech-exchange systems. A model for the turn-taking organization for conversation is proposed, and is examined for its compatibility with a list of grossly observable facts about conversation. The results of the examination suggest that, at least, a model for turn-taking in conversation will be characterized as locally managed, party-administered, interactionally controlled, and sensitive to recipient design. Several general consequences of the model are explicated, and contrasts are sketched with turn-taking organizations for other speech-exchange systems.

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