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The End of Court-Ordered Desegregation

Byron Lutz
American Economic Journal: Economic Policy
Vol. 3, No. 2 (May 2011), pp. 130-168
Stable URL: http://www.jstor.org/stable/41238096
Page Count: 39
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The End of Court-Ordered Desegregation
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Abstract

In response to three Supreme Court rulings in the early 1990s, numerous court-ordered desegregation plans have been terminated. Using a unique dataset and an event study research design, this paper explores the impact of these terminations. The results suggest that termination produces a moderate increase in racial segregation. Outside of the south, dismissal also increases the rate at which black students drop out of school and attend private school. In the south, in contrast, there is no change in the school attendance patterns of blacks. Finally, evidence is presented that whites re-enter dismissed districts in large numbers in the south.

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