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Aspiration and Nasalization in the Generative Phonology of Hindi-Urdu

G. C. Narang and Donald A. Becker
Language
Vol. 47, No. 3 (Sep., 1971), pp. 646-667
DOI: 10.2307/412381
Stable URL: http://www.jstor.org/stable/412381
Page Count: 22
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Aspiration and Nasalization in the Generative Phonology of Hindi-Urdu
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Abstract

An alternation of shwa with zero which is characteristic of a wide variety of morphemes is shown to support a generative phonological treatment of Hindi-Urdu in which aspirated consonants are analysed as units, while nasalized vowels are derived from underlying sequences of vowel plus nasal consonant. Some observations concerning the distribution of nasal segments at the level of systematic phonetics provide the basis for rules by which the five nasal consonants [m n ṇ ņ ŋ] can be derived from underlying representations in which only two nasal segments are distinguished.

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