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The Syntax and Semantics of Neg-Raising, with Evidence from French

Ellen F. Prince
Language
Vol. 52, No. 2 (Jun., 1976), pp. 404-426
DOI: 10.2307/412568
Stable URL: http://www.jstor.org/stable/412568
Page Count: 23
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The Syntax and Semantics of Neg-Raising, with Evidence from French
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Abstract

Considerable syntactic evidence from English has been presented in the literature for a rule of Neg-Raising. It is shown here that equivalent or analogous evidence exists in French (time-adverbials, tags, corrective responses, negative particles and polarity items, mood). Neg-Raising and its domain are then reconsidered from a functional perspective, whereby the transformation is shown to be a HEDGING device-operating only in sentences containing a type of pseudo-performative, which also has the function of hedging. Such an analysis not only is supported by the original data, but also automatically accounts for otherwise inexplicable and unrelated syntactic facts.

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