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Growth and Poverty in Pakistan: Implications for Governance [with Comments]
Arshed H. Bhatti and Musadik M. Malik
The Pakistan Development Review
Vol. 40, No. 4, Papers and Proceedings PART II Seventeenth Annual General Meeting and Conference of the Pakistan Society of Development Economists Islamabad, January 14-16, 2002 (Winter 2001), pp. 831-844
Published by: Pakistan Institute of Development Economics, Islamabad
Stable URL: http://www.jstor.org/stable/41260365
Page Count: 14
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This paper seeks to challenge and correct certain assumptions and perceptions regarding the role and relationship of growth and governance to reducing poverty in Pakistan. It attempts to discuss the 'growth-poverty-governance' nexus, asserting that most of the studies focus on symptoms and not the causes of poverty. Therefore, on the one hand, we have growth of poverty as it does not seem to halt despite certain growth, and on the other, poverty of growth as it fails to translate either into corresponding mitigation of poverty or equitable collective prosperity. The paper then introduces a new concept, appropriate governance, and suggests that poverty is negative externality as well as a symptom of inappropriate governance, which actually is a major cause behind the growth of poverty as well as the poverty of growth. This concept of appropriate governance hinges on sharing of governance responsibilities at various levels and between various stakeholders. It also promises human-centred growth that should offer comprehensive engagement to women and men to cope with their poverty through internal and indigenous mechanisms, which are neither agency-dependent nor promote exploitative social or gender hierarchies. As policy implications, the paper proposes the need to review, revise, and reorient at our concepts vis-à-vis poverty, and their relationship to growth and governance.
The Pakistan Development Review © 2001 Pakistan Institute of Development Economics, Islamabad