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GLI EBREI E LA GIUSTIZIA PONTIFICIA: ALCUNI ESEMPI IN CITTÀ DELLA MARCA DI ANCONA

Simonetta Bernardi
La Rassegna Mensile di Israel
terza serie, Vol. 67, No. 1/2, Minchat Yehudà: Saggi sull'Ebraismo Italiano in memoria di Yehudà Nello Pavoncello (Gennaio - Agosto 2001), pp. 275-290
Stable URL: http://www.jstor.org/stable/41263557
Page Count: 16
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Since scans are not currently available to screen readers, please contact JSTOR User Support for access. We'll provide a PDF copy for your screen reader.
GLI EBREI E LA GIUSTIZIA PONTIFICIA: ALCUNI ESEMPI IN CITTÀ DELLA MARCA DI ANCONA
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Abstract

This study, starting from some written notes by L. Zdekauer, for the Regestum hebraicum marchiae anconitanae taken from the Archives of the Court in Macerata, intends to identify how papal justice acted towards offences committed by Jews between the XIV and the XVI century. Besides the documents proposed by Zdekauer, we examined the parchments of Montecchio and the "Riformanze" of Macerata. We followed the genesis of the laws that regulated the relationships between the host society and the Jews within the town in order to illustrate how a large range of rules developed and how they acquired a more general character, according to the evolution of local administrative and political structures. Cohabitation between the Jews and the local town society becomes hard when financial relationships are not honoured: in this case, the use of justice is required at different levels. Other offences, for instance sexual ones, concern the field of personal relationships among the Jews themselves and with the Christians; They need particular rules which are conditioned by political developments. A lot of commercial frauds see Hebrews as victims with the complicity of the central power.

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