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Gender and IQ Socialisation and Stratification Determinants

ANNA FIRKOWSKA-MANKIEWICZ
Polish Sociological Review
No. 113 (1996), pp. 61-77
Stable URL: http://www.jstor.org/stable/41274604
Page Count: 17
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Since scans are not currently available to screen readers, please contact JSTOR User Support for access. We'll provide a PDF copy for your screen reader.
Gender and IQ Socialisation and Stratification Determinants
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Abstract

The aim of the article is to search for the cause of the startling differences in IQ between girls and boys. These differences, showing that girls gained systematically worse results on the Wechsler Intelligence Scale for Children (both on the verbal and performance scales) were confirmed in research into the biological and psycho-social-cultural determinants of the intellectual level of about 1000 thirteen year-olds in Warsaw. Analysis of the material revealed that the cause of these differences may be sought in the style of upbringing (less restrictive and clearly more stimulating the learning ability of boys) and in certain personal characteristics (lack of faith in their own strength and lower independence of girls). These differences are in addition modified in the effects of different socialisation practices carried out in families of the intelligentsia, of white collar workers and of manual workers.

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