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The 120-Yr Period for Dr. Beal's Seed Viability Experiment

Frank W. Telewski and Jan A. D. Zeevaart
American Journal of Botany
Vol. 89, No. 8 (Aug., 2002), pp. 1285-1288
Stable URL: http://www.jstor.org/stable/4131429
Page Count: 4
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The 120-Yr Period for Dr. Beal's Seed Viability Experiment
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Abstract

After 120 yr of burial in moist, well-aerated sand, 23 seeds of Verbascum blattaria and two seeds of a Verbascum sp. germinated and produced normal plants (50% germination for Verbascum). After a 6-wk cold treatment, a single seed of Malva rotundifolia germinated also, producing a normal plant (2% germination). Plants were grown to maturity in a greenhouse, and flowering was induced by exposure to a 6-wk cold treatment. Flowers were artificially pollinated to produce seed of both Verbascum blattaria and Malva rotundifolia. The Verbascum sp. failed to set seed. Collected seeds were subsequently germinated, producing normal plants. F1 seeds of V. blattaria had a germination of 64%. Seeds (6%) of M. rotundifolia germinated after a cold treatment.

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