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Fischkonsum und „Eiweißlücke” im Nationalsozialismus

Birgit Pelzer-Reith and Reinhold Reith
VSWG: Vierteljahrschrift für Sozial- und Wirtschaftsgeschichte
96. Bd., H. 1 (2009), pp. 4-26
Published by: Franz Steiner Verlag
Stable URL: http://www.jstor.org/stable/41316674
Page Count: 23
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Fischkonsum und „Eiweißlücke” im Nationalsozialismus
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Abstract

This paper is a contribution to the discussion on con-sumption in National Socialist Germany and deals with the development of food supplies by examining the example of fish consumption. Protein is an essential dietary element, and, as was the case with fats, large amounts of it had to be imported. Nazi ideologues perceived fish as an "inexhaustible source" of animal protein. The paper first outlines the proposals they made and the actions they took to deal with the protein shortage by expanding high-sea fishery, by reducing the need for imports and by increasing fish consumption over the course of the Four Year Plan. But the outbreak of war caused a collapse of high-sea fishery and required a restructuring offish consumption. In the following years, fish consumption in the war economy depended on importing fish supplies from occupied countries (Norway, Denmark and France) and the import trade with Portugal, Italy and Turkey. Data on imports and rationing show that fish consumption was unable to make a significant contribution to the protein requirements of the population.

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