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Knowledge, Perceptions and Ever Use of Modern Contraception among Women in the Ga East District, Ghana

R Aryeetey, AM Kotoh and MJ Hindin
African Journal of Reproductive Health / La Revue Africaine de la Santé Reproductive
Vol. 14, No. 4, Special Issue (December 2010), pp. 26-31
Stable URL: http://www.jstor.org/stable/41329751
Page Count: 6
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Since scans are not currently available to screen readers, please contact JSTOR User Support for access. We'll provide a PDF copy for your screen reader.
Knowledge, Perceptions and Ever Use of Modern Contraception among Women in the Ga East District, Ghana
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Abstract

A survey of 332 women, ages 15-49 years, was carried out in the Ga East district of Ghana to identify community knowledge, perceptions, and factors associated with ever using modern family planning (FP). Knowledge of modern FP was almost universal (97 percent) although knowledge of more than three methods was 56 percent. About 60 percent of all and 65 percent of married respondents reported ever use of a modern method. Among ever users, 82 percent thought contraceptives were effective for birth control. However, one-third did not consider modern FP safe. About 20 percent indicated their male partner as a barrier, and 65 percent of users reported at least one side effect. In a multivariate model that controlled for age, education, religion, and occupation, being married remained significantly associated (OR= 2.14; p= 0.01) with ever use of a modern contraceptive method. Interventions are needed to address service-and knowledgerelated barriers to use. Une enquête de 332 femmes âgées de 15 à 49 ans a été menée dans le district de Ga de l'Est au Ghana pour identifier la connaissance de la communauté, ses perceptions et les facteurs liés à l'utilisation constante de la planification familiale moderne (PF). La connaissance de la PF moderne était presque universelle (97%) bien que la connaissance de plus de trois méthodes était de 56%. A peu près 60% de toutes les répondantes et 65% de répondantes mariées ont déclaré une utilisation constante d'une méthode moderne. Parmi les utilisatrices constantes, 82% ont pensé que les contraceptifs sont efficaces pour la limitation des naissances. Néanmoins, un tiers n'ont pas considéré la PF moderne comme étant sans danger. Environ 20% ont indiqué leur partenaire maie comme étant un obstacle et 65% des utilisatrices ont déclaré au moins un effet secondaire. Dans un modèle multifactoriel qui a contrôlé l'âge, l'instruction, la religion et l'occupation, le fait d'être marié est resté sensiblement lié (OR= 2,14; p= 0,01) à l'utilisation constante d'une méthode de la contraception moderne. ll faut des interventions pour s'occuper des obstacles liés aux services et à la connaissance dont on se servira.

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