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EFFECTIVELY URBANIZED: YEZIDIS IN THE COLLECTIVE TOWNS OF SHEIKHAN AND SINJAR

Eva Savelsberg, Siamend Hajo and Irene Dulz
Études rurales
No. 186, Ruralité, urbanité et violence au Kurdistan (juillet-décembre 2010), pp. 101-116
Published by: EHESS
Stable URL: http://www.jstor.org/stable/41403604
Page Count: 16
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EFFECTIVELY URBANIZED: YEZIDIS IN THE COLLECTIVE TOWNS OF SHEIKHAN AND SINJAR
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Abstract

The main features of Yezidism are described as well as the historical relations between, on the one hand, the Yezidi community and the Iraqi state, and, on the other hand, Yezidi and Muslim Kurds. Persecution, the displacement of rural populations and the destruction of villages has characterized these relations. What is the current situation in the towns of Sheikhan and Sinjar? This is an urban environment as regards population density, economic activities and, in Sheikhan more than in Sinjar, settlement facilities such as electricity or the water supply. Furthermore, the population in these towns has also been "mentally urbanized". The majority of the Yezidis in Sheikhan not only live in an urban environment but prefer this to village life. The Yezidi communities are not the only ones in Iraq that have become permanent. This article seeks to explain how this case differs from the others. Cet article présente les principales caractéristiques du yézidisme ainsi que les relations historiques entre, d'une part, la communauté yézidie et l'État irakien et, d'autre part, les Yézidis et les Kurdes musulmans. Ces relations sont marquées par des persécutions, des déplacements de populations rurales et des destructions de villages.Qu'en est-il des villes de Sheikhan et Sinjar ? On a ici affaire à un environnement urbain pour ce qui est de la densité de la population, des activités économiques et, à Sheikhan plus qu'à Sinjar, de la fourniture d'électricité et d'eau. De surcroît, dans ces villes, la population a été « mentalement urbanisée » . La majorité des Yézidis de Sheikhan préfèrent la vie urbaine à la vie villageoise.Les communautés yézidies ne sont pas les seules en Irak à s'être implantées de façon définitive. On expliquera en quoi leur cas diffère de celui d'autres communautés.

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