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The Slave Trade and the Origins of Mistrust in Africa

Nathan Nunn and Leonard Wantchekon
The American Economic Review
Vol. 101, No. 7 (DECEMBER 2011), pp. 3221-3252
Stable URL: http://www.jstor.org/stable/41408736
Page Count: 32
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The Slave Trade and the Origins of Mistrust in Africa
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Abstract

We show that current differences in trust levels within Africa can be traced back to the transatlantic and Indian Ocean slave trades. Combining contemporary individual-level survey data with historical data on slave shipments by ethnic group, we find that individuals whose ancestors were heavily raided during the slave trade are less trusting today. Evidence from a variety of identification strategies suggests that the relationship is causal Examining causal mechanisms, we show that most of the impact of the slave trade is through factors that are internal to the individual, such as cultural norms, beliefs, and values.

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