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SOCIOLOGY IN YUGOSLAVIA TODAY

DAMIR MIRKOVIC
International Review of Modern Sociology
Vol. 6, No. 2 (AUTUMN 1976), pp. 227-252
Published by: International Journals
Stable URL: http://www.jstor.org/stable/41420605
Page Count: 26
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SOCIOLOGY IN YUGOSLAVIA TODAY
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Abstract

Contemporary Yugoslav sociology is introduced through a brief summary of the historical background of the discipline in that part of the world. The bulk of the paper is devoted to four major areas of interest and research in Yugoslav sociology: the history of social thought and theory, the sociology of class or stratification, rural sociology, and industrial sociology. An attempt is made to delineate the major theoretical orientations of Yugoslav scholars, despite the fact that no firm boundaries exist between the various groupings. Thus, three major orientations are delineated as currently existing in Yugoslav sociology: (a) historical materialism, (b) socialist humanism, (c) empirical sociology. An attempt is made to interpret these theoretical orientations as different styles of thought in terms of the sociology of knowledge approach. Each of the three theoretical orientations, as a style of thought, is related to a specific social stratum as its social "carrier." Whenever possible particular trends of thought, or theoretical orientations, are related to concrete socio-cultural facts or to major political events. In particular, Yugoslav rural sociology and the socalled "sociology of self-managed organization" are seen to be deeply imbedded in the social context of Yugoslav reality. References are made to the existing institutes of sociological research, to major professional journals, and to bibliographies. Academic organization and professional associations are described briefly. Finally, it is stressed that the past decade has brought an unprecedented prosperity to sociology, which has become the most popular among all social science disciplines in Yugoslavia. However, there are indications that during the past three years the political climate in the country has become less conducive to the critical approach often implicit in sociological analysis. This is likely to stimulate empirical sociology, dealing primarily with uncontroversial topics. Thus, the author concludes, the new phase of Yugoslav sociology will probably offer more empirical precision, but much less in insight and depth.

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