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FALSE DICHOTOMIES AND MISPLACED UNITY IN THE SOCIOLOGY OF THIRD WORLD/GLOBAL SOUTH DEVELOPMENT

M. D. Litonjua
International Review of Modern Sociology
Vol. 36, No. 1 (Spring 2010), pp. 23-51
Published by: International Journals
Stable URL: http://www.jstor.org/stable/41421372
Page Count: 29
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FALSE DICHOTOMIES AND MISPLACED UNITY IN THE SOCIOLOGY OF THIRD WORLD/GLOBAL SOUTH DEVELOPMENT
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Abstract

Modernization theory, which dominated the early history of the sociology of Third World/Global South development, focused its theoretical lens on the transition from tradition to modernity. Joseph R. Gusfield challenged this core tenet as misplaced polarities in the study of social change. With the failure of modernizing efforts, political order theory proposed strong governments, not necessarily democratic, as the key to political stability and economic development, thus ushering in a wave of authoritarianism. The developmental state of East Asian industrialization belied the dichotomy between democracy and authoritarianism. With the collapse of the Soviet Union and the global spread of neoliberalism, state and market are being presented as the new opposition to the pursuit of development worldwide. Together with this opposition is the appearance of a new unity and affinity, equally misplaced, between capitalism and democracy.

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