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Economic well-being in old age in Italy: does having children make a difference?

MARIA LETIZIA TANTURRI, GUSTAVO DE SANTIS and CHIARA SEGHIERI
Genus
Vol. 64, No. 1/2 (January - June 2008), pp. 75-99
Stable URL: http://www.jstor.org/stable/41430836
Page Count: 25
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Economic well-being in old age in Italy: does having children make a difference?
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Abstract

Si utilizzano due fonti di dati trasversali, le indagini Banca d'Italia sul reddito del 2000 e del 2002 per valutare l'associazione tra le condizioni economiche in età anziana e alcune covariate, tra cui la fécondité precedente, lo stato civile e la struttura della famiglia (living arrangements). Per una persona anziana, aver avuto figli non ha un imparto evidente sulla situazione económica attuale, ma si associa a un capitale più basso. Tuttavia, a parità di turto il resto, avère figli (adulti) coresidenti si associa a peggiori condizioni economiche, dal punto di vista sia oggettivo (reddito equivalente, povertà, beni capitali) sia soggettivo. La situazione migliora quando ci sono altri membri adulti in famiglia, specialmente se maschi, quando l'istruzione è elevata, e per le famiglie del nord d'Italia. Two cross sectional data sources, the 2000 and 2002 Bank of Italy Survey on Household Income and Wealth (SHIW), are used to asses the association between the economic conditions in one's old age and a few covariates, among which past fertility, marital status and living arrangements. For an aged person, having had children does not have any clear impact on current economic status, except that it is associated with fewer assets. However, everything else equal, having (adult) coresiding children corresponds to worse economic conditions, both objectively (equivalent income, poverty, assets) and subjectively. Prospects are better when there are other grown-up members in the household (especially if they are males), when education is high, and for households located in the North of Italy. Nous utilisons deux sources de données en coupe transversale, deux enquêtes de la Banque d'Italie sur le revenu des ménages en 2000 et en 2002, pour évaluer l'association entre les conditions économiques de la vieillesse et certains variables, y en particulier la fécondité du passé, l'état matrimonial et la structure du ménage. Pour une personne âgée, avoir des enfants (désormais adultes) n'a pas un impact évident sur la situation économique courante, mais est associée à un patrimoine plus mince. Toutefois, toute chose égale par ailleurs, si les enfants (adultes) habitent avec leurs parents âgés la situation économique est normalement pire. Le niveau économique du ménage s'améliore quand il y a d'autres membres adultes, en particulier des hommes, si le niveau d'éducation est élevé, et pour les familles qui vivent dans le nord de l'Italie.

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