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Essential Role of Tissue-Specific Proline Synthesis and Catabolism in Growth and Redox Balance at Low Water Potential
Sandeep Sharma, Joji Grace Villamor and Paul E. Verslues
Vol. 157, No. 1 (September 2011), pp. 292-304
Published by: American Society of Plant Biologists (ASPB)
Stable URL: http://www.jstor.org/stable/41435506
Page Count: 13
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To better define the still unclear role of proline (Pro) metabolism in drought resistance, we analyzed Arabidopsis (Arabidopsis thaliana) ∆¹ -pyrroline-5-carboxylate synthetasel (p5cs1) mutants deficient in stress-induced Pro synthesis as well as proline dehydrogenase (pdh1) mutants blocked in Pro catabolism and found that both Pro synthesis and catabolism were required for optimal growth at low water potential (ψ w ). The abscisic acid (ABA)-deficient mutant aba2-1 had similar reduction in root elongation as p5cs1 and p5cs1/aba2-1 double mutants. However, the reduced growth of aba2-1 but not p5cs1/aba2-1 could be complemented by exogenous ABA, indicating that Pro metabolism was required for ABA-mediated growth protection at low ψ w PDH1 maintained high expression in the root apex and shoot meristem at low ψ w rather than being repressed, as in the bulk of the shoot tissue. This, plus a reduced oxygen consumption and buildup of Pro in the root apex of pdh1-2, indicated that active Pro catabolism was needed to sustain growth at low ψ w Conversely, P5CS1 expression was most highly induced in shoot tissue. Both p5csl-4 and pdh1-2 had a more reduced NADP/NADPH ratio than the wild type at low ψ w These results indicate a new model of Pro metabolism at low ψ w whereby Pro synthesis in the photosynthetic tissue regenerates NADP while Pro catabolism in meristematic and expanding cells is needed to sustain growth. Tissue-specific differences in Pro metabolism and function in maintaining a favorable NADP/NADPH ratio are relevant to understanding metabolic adaptations to drought and efforts to enhance drought resistance.
Plant Physiology © 2011 American Society of Plant Biologists (ASPB)