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Participation and well-Being Among Older Adults Living with Chronic Conditions

Dana Anaby, William C. Miller, Janice J. Eng, Tal Jarus, Luc Noreau and PACC Research Group
Social Indicators Research
Vol. 100, No. 1 (January 2011), pp. 171-183
Published by: Springer
Stable URL: http://www.jstor.org/stable/41476385
Page Count: 13
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Participation and well-Being Among Older Adults Living with Chronic Conditions
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Abstract

This study explored the unique contribution of participation (daily activities and social roles) in explaining well-being of older adults living with chronic conditions and examined which aspect of participation (accomplishment of participation or satisfaction with participation) was more important in describing their well-being. Two hundred older adults with chronic conditions completed the following assessments: Satisfaction with Life Scale to measure well-being; Assessment of Life Habits to evaluate two aspects of participation: (a) accomplishment of daily activities and social roles and (b) level of satisfaction with participation; Interpersonal Support Evaluation List to assess level of social support and Affect Balance scale to measure level of balance confidence. In addition, participants' level of mobility was assessed using the Timed Up and Go test. Regression analysis was performed. Results indicated that number of chronic conditions, social support and satisfaction with participation had a significant contribution to well-being and altogether explained 31% of its variance whereas accomplishment of participation did not play as significant role in the model. In conclusion, participation has a unique contribution to older adults' well-being where satisfaction with participation rather than the accomplishment of activities is of importance. Additional aspects of participation and level of disability are key factors identified for further inquiry.

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