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Spatial Mapping of Lipids at Cellular Resolution in Embryos of Cotton
Patrick J. Horn, Andrew R. Korte, Pumima B. Neogi, Ebony Love, Johannes Fuchs, Kerstin Strupat, Ljudmilla Borisjuk, Vladimir Shulaev, Young-Jin Lee and Kent D. Chapman
The Plant Cell
Vol. 24, No. 2 (FEBRUARY 2012), pp. 622-636
Published by: American Society of Plant Biologists (ASPB)
Stable URL: http://www.jstor.org/stable/41489325
Page Count: 15
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Advances in mass spectrometry (MS) have made comprehensive lipidomics analysis of complex tissues relatively commonplace. These compositional analyses, although able to resolve hundreds of molecular species of lipids in single extracts, lose the original cellular context from which these lipids are derived. Recently, high-resolution MS of individual lipid droplets from seed tissues indicated organelle-to-organelle variation in lipid composition, suggesting that heterogeneity of lipid distributions at the cellular level may be prevalent. Here, we employed matrix-assisted laser desorption/ionization-MS imaging (MALDI-MSI) approaches to visualize lipid species directly in seed tissues of upland cotton [Gossypium hirsutum). MS imaging of cryosections of mature cotton embryos revealed a distinct, heterogeneous distribution of molecular species of triacylglycerols and phosphatidylcholines, the major storage and membrane lipid classes in cotton embryos. Other lipids were imaged, including phosphatidylethanolamines, phosphatidic acids, sterols, and gossypol, indicating the broad range of metabolites and applications for this chemical visualization approach. We conclude that comprehensive lipidomics images generated by MALDI-MSI report accurate, relative amounts of lipid species in plant tissues and reveal previously unseen differences in spatial distributions providing for a new level of understanding in cellular biochemistry.
The Plant Cell © 2012 American Society of Plant Biologists (ASPB)