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The Robustness of Authoritarianism in the Middle East: Exceptionalism in Comparative Perspective
Vol. 36, No. 2 (Jan., 2004), pp. 139-157
Published by: Comparative Politics, Ph.D. Programs in Political Science, City University of New York
Stable URL: http://www.jstor.org/stable/4150140
Page Count: 19
You can always find the topics here!Topics: Democracy, Authoritarianism, Comparative politics, Geographic regions, Countries, Civil society, Political reform, Repression, Political power, Political revolutions
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Explanations of the robustness of authoritarianism in the Middle East and North Africa have focused on absent prerequisites of democratization in the region, including weak civil society, state-dominated economies, poor socioeconomic performance, and nondemocratic culture. By contrast, the region's enduring authoritarianism can be attributed to the robustness of the coercive apparatus in many Middle Eastern and North African states and to this apparatus's exceptional will and capacity to crush democratic initiatives. Cross-regional comparison suggests factors both external and internal to the region that account for this exceptional strength.
Comparative Politics © 2004 Comparative Politics, Ph.D. Programs in Political Science, City University of New York