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SCIENCE ET INSTITUTION : LA LINGUISTIQUE ET L'UNIVERSITÉ EN FRANCE (1865-1945)

Gabriel Bergounioux
Langue Française
No. 117, La linguistique comme discipline en France (FÉVRIER 1998), pp. 22-35
Published by: Armand Colin
Stable URL: http://www.jstor.org/stable/41558853
Page Count: 14
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SCIENCE ET INSTITUTION : LA LINGUISTIQUE ET L'UNIVERSITÉ EN FRANCE (1865-1945)
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Abstract

The institutionalization of linguistics became effective during the 1870s, when a French comparativist school appeared at the time of the creation of the École Pratique des Hautes Etudes (1868) and the reform of the licence syllabus (1876). The spread of the historical grammar network took place principally in research oriented institutions and less in the faculties of Arts which kept up the tradition of the humanities. Linguistics came into its own during the 1880s with the new syllabus of the lycées and the creation of specific teachers' entrance examinations. Henceforth, under the authority of Antoine Meillet, French comparativism, which was construed as the scientific approach in philological studies, was to hinder the development of structuralism until the 1940s.

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