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Distribution of the Cardinal in South Dakota

Herbert Krause and Sven G. Froiland
The Wilson Bulletin
Vol. 68, No. 2 (Jun., 1956), pp. 111-117
Stable URL: http://www.jstor.org/stable/4158483
Page Count: 7
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Distribution of the Cardinal in South Dakota
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Abstract

1. During the past 52 years the Cardinal has extended its range as a breeding bird into eastern South Dakota. The initial entry was made in the southeastern portion and to the present time it is distributed approximately over the eastern one-fourth of the state. 2. During this time it has appeared as a wintering bird in appreciable numbers in various places outside the breeding range in the eastern part of the state. 3. The extension of range of the Cardinal closely parallels major rivers and their tributaries. It would appear that these streams play an important role in the immigration of this species by contributing suitable habitat. 4. The Cardinal has not been reported in the area west of the Missouri until very recently. This peculiarity in distribution may be the result of lack of suitable habitat on the frequently-intermittent streams and their tributaries in the Bad Lands-Black Hills region and in the adjacent areas.

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