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Dynamic migration of γδ intraepithelial lymphocytes requires ocdudin
Karen L. Edelblum, Le Shen, Christopher R. Weber, Amanda M. Marchiando, Bryan S. Clay, Yingmin Wang, Immo Prinz, Bernard Malissen, Anne I. Sperling and Jerrold R. Turner
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
Vol. 109, No. 18 (May 1, 2012), pp. 7097-7102
Published by: National Academy of Sciences
Stable URL: http://www.jstor.org/stable/41596136
Page Count: 6
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γδ intraepithelial lymphocytes (lELs) are located beneath or between adjacent intestinal epithelial cells and are thought to contribute to homeostasis and disease pathogenesis. Using in vivo microscopy to image jejunal mucosa of GFP γδ T-cell transgenic mice, we discovered that γδ lELs migrate actively within the intraepithelial compartment and into the lamina propria. As a result, each γδ IEL contacts multiple epithelial cells. Ocdudin is concentrated at sites of γδ lEL/epithelial interaction, where it forms a ring surrounding the γδ IEL. In vitro analyses showed that ocdudin is expressed by epithelial and γδ T cells and that ocdudin derived from both cell types contributes to these rings and to γδ IEL migration within epithelial monolayers. In vivo TNF administration, which results in epithelial occludin endocytosis, reduces γδ IEL migration.Further in vivo analyses demonstrated that occludin KO γδ T cells are defective in both initial accumulation and migration within the intraepithelial compartment. These data challenge the paradigm that γδ lELs are stationary in the intestinal epithelium and demonstrate that γδ lELs migrate dynamically to make extensive contacts with epithelial cells. The identification of ocdudin as an essential factor in γδ IEL migration provides insight into the molecular regulation of γδ lEL/epithelial interactions.
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America © 2012 National Academy of Sciences