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Industrialisation and 'Fitness' of Nuclear Family: A Case Study in India

P.K. ROY
Journal of Comparative Family Studies
Vol. 5, No. 1 (SPRING 1974), pp. 74-86
Published by: Dr. George Kurian
Stable URL: http://www.jstor.org/stable/41601191
Page Count: 13
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Industrialisation and 'Fitness' of Nuclear Family: A Case Study in India
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Abstract

This study emphasises how industrialisation in India is forcing changes in family structure and relationships and causing many families to break down into smaller units. Industrialisation in and around Ranchi - a new industrial city of the eastern part of India has attracted many people to new and economically advantageous occupations. The changes in the economic structure are bound to affect the family, for new types of occupations may arise which demand physical movement from one place to another. In discussing the impact of industrialisation on the family, it has been useful to consider how rural to urban movement, among other factors, weakens the extended family. The residential distance resulting from the shifting of occupation limits the interaction frequency. Although kinship ties and obligations remain important in some of the villages studied, the social relationships among urban kinsmen are generally less personal, and less intimate than in the traditional village. Also, in the industrial situation, the large family group finds itself incompatible with the growing individualism of its members. Industrialisation demands large-scale geographical mobility, and thus the individual families go their own way, ignoring other extended kin groups.

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