Access

You are not currently logged in.

Access your personal account or get JSTOR access through your library or other institution:

login

Log in to your personal account or through your institution.

If You Use a Screen Reader

This content is available through Read Online (Free) program, which relies on page scans. Since scans are not currently available to screen readers, please contact JSTOR User Support for access. We'll provide a PDF copy for your screen reader.

Afinidades biológicas de grupos pré-históricos do vale do rio Ribeira de Iguape (SP): uma análise preliminar

Walter Alves Neves and Maria Mercedes Martinez Okumura
Revista de Antropologia
Vol. 48, No. 2 (julho-dezembro 2005), pp. 525-558
Published by: Revista de Antropologia
Stable URL: http://www.jstor.org/stable/41616488
Page Count: 34
  • Read Online (Free)
  • Subscribe ($19.50)
  • Cite this Item
Since scans are not currently available to screen readers, please contact JSTOR User Support for access. We'll provide a PDF copy for your screen reader.
Afinidades biológicas de grupos pré-históricos do vale do rio Ribeira de Iguape (SP): uma análise preliminar
Preview not available

Abstract

Apesar da existência de contatos entre planalto e litoral brasileiros ser atualmente quase um consenso entre os arqueólogos nacionais, não há muita certeza de como teria se dado tal contato e qual seria o fluxo entre interior e costa. O vale do Ribeira de Iguape (SP) é uma das raras regiões do Sul-Sudeste do país onde tal comunicação seria bastante facilitada devido a peculiaridades de sua geomorfologia. Neste trabalho, apresentamos os resultados de uma análise craniométrica comparativa entre 12 esqueletos provenientes de sambaquis fluviais do vale do Ribeira datados entre 6.000 e 1.200 anos AP e 225 esqueletos oriundos de diversas séries pré-históricas brasileiras do interior e do litoral. Ao contrário do que se observa no início do Holoceno nesse vale, não há qualquer afinidade biológica entre os ribeirinhos mais tardios e os paleoíndios de Lagoa Santa ou qualquer outra série interiorana. Os grupos fluviais (ambos os sexos) associam-se aos sambaquis da costa de São Paulo e do Paraná, mostrando que houve realmente um contato considerável entre a planície costeira e o planalto, ao menos no estado de São Paulo a partir da segunda metade do Holoceno. Although there is no doubt about human contacts between inland and coast in Southern Brazil during archaic times, these contacts remains unknown. Due to its geomorphologic idiosyncrasies, the Ribeira de Iguape valley, in the State of São Paulo, is one of few regions in Southeastern Brazil where this communication could be easily performed. Here we present results of a craniometric analysis using 12 human skeletons from riverine shellmounds from Ribeira de Iguape valley, dated to between 6,000 and 1,200 years before present (non calibrated). These specimens were compared to 225 human skeletons from several Brazilian pre-historic sites from inland and coast. The biological affinity found in early Holocene individuals from this valley and Paleoamericans was not observed for the archaic riverine shellmound groups. No affinities were found between them and other inland series, as well. The riverine shellmound groups are close to the coastal shellmound groups from São Paulo and Paraná, which can be interpreted as evidence of a relevant contact between coast and inland, at least in Southern São Paulo State in the middle Holocene.

Page Thumbnails

  • Thumbnail: Page 
[525]
    [525]
  • Thumbnail: Page 
526
    526
  • Thumbnail: Page 
527
    527
  • Thumbnail: Page 
528
    528
  • Thumbnail: Page 
529
    529
  • Thumbnail: Page 
530
    530
  • Thumbnail: Page 
531
    531
  • Thumbnail: Page 
532
    532
  • Thumbnail: Page 
533
    533
  • Thumbnail: Page 
534
    534
  • Thumbnail: Page 
535
    535
  • Thumbnail: Page 
536
    536
  • Thumbnail: Page 
537
    537
  • Thumbnail: Page 
538
    538
  • Thumbnail: Page 
539
    539
  • Thumbnail: Page 
540
    540
  • Thumbnail: Page 
541
    541
  • Thumbnail: Page 
542
    542
  • Thumbnail: Page 
543
    543
  • Thumbnail: Page 
544
    544
  • Thumbnail: Page 
545
    545
  • Thumbnail: Page 
546
    546
  • Thumbnail: Page 
547
    547
  • Thumbnail: Page 
548
    548
  • Thumbnail: Page 
549
    549
  • Thumbnail: Page 
550
    550
  • Thumbnail: Page 
551
    551
  • Thumbnail: Page 
552
    552
  • Thumbnail: Page 
553
    553
  • Thumbnail: Page 
554
    554
  • Thumbnail: Page 
555
    555
  • Thumbnail: Page 
556
    556
  • Thumbnail: Page 
557
    557
  • Thumbnail: Page 
558
    558