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Archaeological excavations at the settlement of al-Furayḥah (Freiha), north-west Qatar

Gareth Rees, Faysal al-Naimi, Tobias Richter, Agnieszka Bystron and Alan Walmsley
Proceedings of the Seminar for Arabian Studies
Vol. 42, Papers from the forty-fifth meeting of the Seminar for Arabian Studies held at the British Museum, London, 28 to 30 July 2011 (2012), pp. 319-330
Stable URL: http://www.jstor.org/stable/41623646
Page Count: 12
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Since scans are not currently available to screen readers, please contact JSTOR User Support for access. We'll provide a PDF copy for your screen reader.
Archaeological excavations at the settlement of al-Furayḥah (Freiha), north-west Qatar
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Abstract

Two seasons of excavation and survey at the late Islamic town of al-Furayhah (commonly, Freiha) in north-west Qatar are providing an insight into the development, occupation, and final abandonment of this once-prominent settlement. This paper presents the interim results of fieldwork, focusing first on the morphology of the town as a whole, followed by an analysis of the domestic and religious architecture. At its peak the town may have covered an area of 17.8 ha followed by a gradual southwards migration, the final phase of occupation being focused on the communal structures of the mosque and the fort. This long-term migration pattern is complemented by evidence of regular collapse and reconstruction in the mosque and domestic courtyard buildings. These may indicate short-term abandonment as well as fluctuations in the economy of the settlement and the region as a whole.

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