Old English Causative Verbs

James Finch Royster
Studies in Philology
Vol. 19, No. 3 (Jul., 1922), pp. 328-356
Stable URL: http://www.jstor.org/stable/4171832
Page Count: 31
  • Download PDF
  • Cite this Item

You are not currently logged in.

Access your personal account or get JSTOR access through your library or other institution:

login

Log in to your personal account or through your institution.

Old English Causative Verbs
We're having trouble loading this content. Download PDF instead.

Notes and References

This item contains 97 references.

[Footnotes]
  • 1
    This reference contains 6 citations:
    • Brugmann, Vergleichende Grammatik der Indogermanischen Sprachen, §§ 690-693
    • Delbrück, Griechische Grammatik, IV, 118 ff.
    • Whitney, San- skrit Grammar, §§ 1041 ff.
    • Streitberg, Urgermanische Grammatik, § 206
    • Whitney (loc. cit.)
    • Lindsay, A Short Historical Latin Grammar, pp. 87-91
  • 2
    This reference contains 3 citations:
    • Fay ("Indo-European Verbal Flexion Was Analytical," University of Texas Bulletin, No. 263, 1913, pp. 26 ff.)
    • Whitney, op. cit., § 856
    • Gildersleeve, Greek Syntax, I, § 150
  • 3
    This reference contains 3 citations:
    • Dieter, Altgermanische Dialekte, § 215
    • Kluge, Vorgeschichte der alt- germanischen Dialekte, § 192
    • Collitz, Das Schwache Preteritum und Seine Vorgeschichte, pp. 100-101
  • 4
    Deutsche G-rammatik, II, 49.
  • 5
    Die Bedeutung der Schwachen Conjugationen, Berlin, 1843.
  • 6
    This reference contains 4 citations:
    • Hitorical Outlines of English Syntax, p. 211
    • Kellner adds (p. 212)
    • Koch, Histo- rische Grammatik der englischen Sprache, § 132
    • Bladin, Studies on Denominative Verbs in English, p. 7
  • 7
    This reference contains 4 citations:
    • Sweet, New English Grammar, §§ 2203 ff.
    • Erdmann, Essay on the History and Modern Use of the Verbal Forms in -ing in the English Lan- guage, Stockholm, 1871, pp. 12 ff.
    • Akerlund, The History of the Definite Tenses in English, Cambridge, 1911
    • Pessels, The Present and Past Peri- phrastic Tenses in Anglo-Saxon, Strassbourg, 1896.
  • 9
    Blackburn, The English Future: Its Origin and Development, Leipzig, 1892.
  • 10
    Cambridge History of English Literature, XIV, 501
  • 11
    This reference contains 3 citations:
    • Klaeber, The Journal of English and Germanic Philology, XVIII, 2, pp. 250 ff., April, 1919
    • Knott, Modern Philology, xv, 1, 64
    • Larz, Actionsart in Beowulf, Wurzburg, 1908
  • 12
    Yoshioka, A Semantic Study of the Verbs of Doing and Mak- ing in the Indo-European Languages, Tokio, 1908
  • 13
    Lanman, Sanskrit Reader, s. v. dhā- (p. 176)
  • 14
    This reference contains 2 citations:
    • Whitney, Sanskrit Grammar, § 1071
    • Fay, " Pro Domo Mea," Ameri- can Journal of Philology, xxxvrr, 2, April-June, 1918.
  • 15
    This reference contains 2 citations:
    • Yoshioka, op. cit., pp. 18-19
    • Lanman, op. cit., s. v. kṛ (p. 143)
  • 16
    This reference contains 3 citations:
    • Liddell and Scott, Greek Dictionary, s. v. 'rTlte?,, B. II
    • Simonson, Greek Grammar, II ("Syntax"), § 22146, 2
    • Nunn, A Short Syntax of New Testament Greek, pp. 89 ff.
  • 17
    Kühner, Ausführliche Lateinische Grammatik, II, 1, 695.
  • 18
    This reference contains 4 citations:
    • Thielmann, " Facere mit dem Infinitiv," W-8lfflin's Archiv für Latein- ische Lexicographie und Grammatik, III, pp. 180 ff.
    • Rieman, Syntaxe Latine, § 180
    • calefacere, pavefacere (Lindsay, op. cit., p. 91)
    • Fay, op. cit., p. 159
  • 19
    This reference contains 2 citations:
    • Genesis, 24-25
    • Behagel, Syntax des Heliands, pp. 201 ff.
  • 20
    Heliand, 1211.
  • 21
    This reference contains 4 citations:
    • Steig (Zeitscrift für deutsche Philologie, XVI, 478)
    • Pratze, " Syntax des Heliands " (Jahrbuch des Vereins für niederdeutscher Sprachforschung, XI, 72)
    • Psalms, 67, 6 and 73, 8
    • Kleinere Altniederdeutschen Denkmäler, Paderborn, 1877
  • 22
    This reference contains 2 citations:
    • Grimm, Deutsche Grammatik, IV, 103
    • Erdmann, Syntax der Sprache Otfrids, §§ 344 and 350.
  • 23
    Tatian, 90, 5.
  • 24
    Tatian, 135, 22.
  • 25
    Tatian (John 6, 10).
  • 26
    Journal of English and Germanic Philology, XVII, 1, Jan. 1918, p. 85.
  • 27
    Matthew, 5, 36.
  • 28
    John, 11, 37.
  • 29
    This reference contains 4 citations:
    • John, 5, 21
    • 2 Cor., 9, 10
    • 1 Thess., 3, 12
    • Yoshioka, op. cit., pp. 24-25.
  • 30
    Herrig, Archiv für das Studium der neueren Sprachen, 97, p. 27, 1. 8
  • 31
    Psalms (metrical version), 28, 8.
  • 33
    Blickling Homilies (E. E. T. S., O. S. 57), 239, 16.
  • 34
    Streifzüge durch die Mittelenglische Syntax, p. 236
  • 35
    The Infinitive in Anglo-Saxon, Washington, 1913.
  • 36
    Der Syntaktische Gebrauch des Infinitivs in der Altenglischen Poesie, p. 58.
  • 37
    Das Umschriebende Do in der Neuenglischen Prosa, p. 10.
  • 38
    Op. cit., p. 352.
  • 40
    English Grammar Past and Present, p. 357.
  • 42
    This reference contains 4 citations:
    • Bede's Eccl. Hist.
    • Wülfing, Syntax in den Werken Alfreds des Grossen, II, 90
    • Ælfric's Pentateuch
    • Ælfric's Homilies (Vol. 1)
  • 43
    This reference contains 3 citations:
    • Daniel, 168
    • Juliana, 138, 475
    • Christ, 1383.
  • 44
    ibid., 118, 156.
  • 45
    Psalms, 67, 6
  • 46
    This reference contains 2 citations:
    • Dietze's assumption (op. cit., p. 9)
    • Orosius, 48, 9
  • 47
    Matt.5, 45
  • 49
    Syntax in den Werken Alfreds des Grossen, II, 184 and 209.
  • 50
    Op. cit., p. 58.
  • 51
    Dietze considers Boethius' De Consolatione, 14, 17
  • 52
    Op. cit., p. 205.
  • 54
    Ker, The Dark Ages, pp. 307 and 311
  • 56
    This reference contains 10 citations:
    • Gen. 18, 6; 24, 21; 50, 24
    • Levit. 4, 3; 19, 19; 26, 9
    • Deut. 13, 5; 28, 11.
    • Gen. 47, 30
    • Deut. 28, 26.
    • Matt. 5, 32
    • Mark 1, 17; 5, 45; 7, 37
    • Luke 5, 34; 12, 37
    • Mark 1, 17
    • The Old and Middle English [1878], p. 147
  • 60
    Wülfing, op. cit., II, 93, 98, 179, 182, 188, 208, 565.
  • 61
    Callaway (loc. cit.)
  • 62
    This reference contains 2 citations:
    • Chronicles E. 664; C. 976
    • Ælfric, de Novo Test., 17, 22
  • 63
    This reference contains 2 citations:
    • Wulsftan's Homilies, 55, 17
    • 197, 21.
  • 64
    Simonson, Greek Grammar, §§ 2213, 2216 ff.
  • 65
    This reference contains 3 citations:
    • Ker, The Dark Ages: "Anglo-Saxon books in their handwriting and their shape have the air of libraries and learning about them, of wealth and dignity" (p. 251)
    • "fully developed language and a regular traditional method of expression" (p. 247).
    • "an uncouth language" "for a simple-minded audience" (p. 254).
  • 66
    This reference contains 4 citations:
    • Oliphant, op. cit., p. 458.
    • Mätzner, A Middle English Dictionary, s. v. don, 7.
    • Chaucer, Clerkes Tale, 731
    • Gower, Con- fessio Amantis, I, 2622.
  • 68
    the writer's article, "Auxiliary Do-1400-1450," Modern Philol- ogy, XII, 7, Jan., 1915.
  • 69
    " Robert Manning's Use of 'do' as Auxiliary," Modern Language Notes, Nov., 1918.
  • 70
    This reference contains 4 citations:
    • Sweet, New English Grammar, II, p. 88
    • Grien, Sprachschatz der A. E. Poesie, s. v. don
    • Mätzner, Englische Grammatik, II, pp. 62 ff.
    • Dietze, op. cit., pp. 7 ff.
  • 71
    This reference contains 2 citations:
    • Wülfing (op. cit., II, 43)
    • Boethius, 22, 13
  • 72
    This reference contains 2 citations:
    • Deutsche Grammatik, IV, 94.
    • Mätzner (op. cit., II, p. 62)
  • 74
    This reference contains 2 citations:
    • "i Pro Domo Mea," American Journal of Philology, XXXVII, 2, pp. 168ff.
    • Lanman, Sanskrit Reader, Vocab., pp. 142-143
  • 75
    Wulfstan's Homilies, 9, 6.
  • 76
    Beowulf, 1257.
  • 77
    Psalms, 128, 3.
  • 78
    Op. cit., p. 13.
  • 79
    Mätzner, Wörterbuch, 8. V. don, 9.
  • 82
    This reference contains 3 citations:
    • "Do Auxiliary—1400 to 1450," p. 193
    • Lexicon Totius Latinitas, s. v. facere, 6.
    • John, 8, 11
  • 83
    Genesis, 2468.
  • 84
    Wulfstan's Homilies, 28, 30.
  • 85
    This reference contains 6 citations:
    • Ibid., 119, 12
    • Ælfric's Homilies, II, 52, 25
    • Faciamus, igitur quod adhunc docere volumus (p. 354, II Cnut, 68)
    • Faciamus etiam, sicut nobis expedit: succurramus ... (p. 301, I Cnut, 20)
    • Landgraf, G., Historische Grammatik der Lateinischen Sprache, II, 1, 115.
    • Genesis, 2368
  • 86
    Op. cit., II 2172.
  • 87
    This reference contains 2 citations:
    • Chronicles, E. 1001
    • Pentateuch, Ex., 12, 35
  • 88
    Op. cit., p. 6
  • 89
    Genesis, xii, 18
  • 90
    Ibid, xl, 22
  • 94
    This reference contains 4 citations:
    • Ex., ix, 24; xxiii, 11
    • Numb., xi, 24
    • Lev., i, 15; xix, 29
    • Deut., xxxii, 39.
  • 96
    Op. cit., pp. 284 and 307.
  • 98
    Chronicles' use of macian, p. 354
  • 101
    Bede, Eccl. Hist., III, 18.
  • 102
    Yoshioka, A Semantic Study of Verbs of Doing and Making in the Indo- European Languages, p. 17.
  • 105
    Wülfing, op. cit., II, 90
  • 108
    This reference contains 2 citations:
    • Gen., xii, 2
    • Ex., V, 21.
  • 110
    This reference contains 2 citations:
    • Oliphant, op. cit., 226
    • Einenkel (Streifzüge durch die M. E. Syntax, p. 236)
  • 111
    Chronicles, F. 870 and E. 1075
  • 112
    This reference contains 2 citations:
    • Chronicles, E. 963
    • Genesis, xii, 2.
  • 113
    This reference contains 2 citations:
    • Wülfing, op. cit., II, 215
    • Ælfric's Homilies, I, 362, 34.
  • 114
    This reference contains 2 citations:
    • Psalms, 143, 14
    • Callaway, op. cit., p. 110.
  • 115
    Salamon and Saturn, 31-32.
  • 116
    Ibid., 174-175.
  • 117
    Ibid., 149.
  • 118
    This reference contains 2 citations:
    • Mark, 3, 14
    • Luke, 9, 14.
  • 119
    Lindisfarne Gospel, Luke, 5, 34.
  • 120
    This reference contains 3 citations:
    • Genesis, 254
    • Ælfric's Homilies, I, 254, 8
    • I, 482, 19.
  • 121
    This reference contains 2 citations:
    • John, 10, 33
    • Wulfstan's Homilies, 163, 2.
  • 123
    This reference contains 2 citations:
    • Luke, 14, 23.
    • Gal., 6, 12
  • 124
    Op. cit., p. 112.