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Old English Causative Verbs

James Finch Royster
Studies in Philology
Vol. 19, No. 3 (Jul., 1922), pp. 328-356
Stable URL: http://www.jstor.org/stable/4171832
Page Count: 31
Subjects: Language & Literature
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Old English Causative Verbs
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Notes and References

This item contains 97 references.

[Footnotes]
  • 1
    This reference contains 6 citations:
    • Brugmann, Vergleichende Grammatik der Indogermanischen Sprachen, §§ 690-693
    • Delbrück, Griechische Grammatik, IV, 118 ff.
    • Whitney, San- skrit Grammar, §§ 1041 ff.
    • Streitberg, Urgermanische Grammatik, § 206
    • Whitney (loc. cit.)
    • Lindsay, A Short Historical Latin Grammar, pp. 87-91
  • 2
    This reference contains 3 citations:
    • Fay ("Indo-European Verbal Flexion Was Analytical," University of Texas Bulletin, No. 263, 1913, pp. 26 ff.)
    • Whitney, op. cit., § 856
    • Gildersleeve, Greek Syntax, I, § 150
  • 3
    This reference contains 3 citations:
    • Dieter, Altgermanische Dialekte, § 215
    • Kluge, Vorgeschichte der alt- germanischen Dialekte, § 192
    • Collitz, Das Schwache Preteritum und Seine Vorgeschichte, pp. 100-101
  • 4
    Deutsche G-rammatik, II, 49.
  • 5
    Die Bedeutung der Schwachen Conjugationen, Berlin, 1843.
  • 6
    This reference contains 4 citations:
    • Hitorical Outlines of English Syntax, p. 211
    • Kellner adds (p. 212)
    • Koch, Histo- rische Grammatik der englischen Sprache, § 132
    • Bladin, Studies on Denominative Verbs in English, p. 7
  • 7
    This reference contains 4 citations:
    • Sweet, New English Grammar, §§ 2203 ff.
    • Erdmann, Essay on the History and Modern Use of the Verbal Forms in -ing in the English Lan- guage, Stockholm, 1871, pp. 12 ff.
    • Akerlund, The History of the Definite Tenses in English, Cambridge, 1911
    • Pessels, The Present and Past Peri- phrastic Tenses in Anglo-Saxon, Strassbourg, 1896.
  • 9
    Blackburn, The English Future: Its Origin and Development, Leipzig, 1892.
  • 10
    Cambridge History of English Literature, XIV, 501
  • 11
    This reference contains 3 citations:
    • Klaeber, The Journal of English and Germanic Philology, XVIII, 2, pp. 250 ff., April, 1919
    • Knott, Modern Philology, xv, 1, 64
    • Larz, Actionsart in Beowulf, Wurzburg, 1908
  • 12
    Yoshioka, A Semantic Study of the Verbs of Doing and Mak- ing in the Indo-European Languages, Tokio, 1908
  • 13
    Lanman, Sanskrit Reader, s. v. dhā- (p. 176)
  • 14
    This reference contains 2 citations:
    • Whitney, Sanskrit Grammar, § 1071
    • Fay, " Pro Domo Mea," Ameri- can Journal of Philology, xxxvrr, 2, April-June, 1918.
  • 15
    This reference contains 2 citations:
    • Yoshioka, op. cit., pp. 18-19
    • Lanman, op. cit., s. v. kṛ (p. 143)
  • 16
    This reference contains 3 citations:
    • Liddell and Scott, Greek Dictionary, s. v. 'rTlte?,, B. II
    • Simonson, Greek Grammar, II ("Syntax"), § 22146, 2
    • Nunn, A Short Syntax of New Testament Greek, pp. 89 ff.
  • 17
    Kühner, Ausführliche Lateinische Grammatik, II, 1, 695.
  • 18
    This reference contains 4 citations:
    • Thielmann, " Facere mit dem Infinitiv," W-8lfflin's Archiv für Latein- ische Lexicographie und Grammatik, III, pp. 180 ff.
    • Rieman, Syntaxe Latine, § 180
    • calefacere, pavefacere (Lindsay, op. cit., p. 91)
    • Fay, op. cit., p. 159
  • 19
    This reference contains 2 citations:
    • Genesis, 24-25
    • Behagel, Syntax des Heliands, pp. 201 ff.
  • 20
    Heliand, 1211.
  • 21
    This reference contains 4 citations:
    • Steig (Zeitscrift für deutsche Philologie, XVI, 478)
    • Pratze, " Syntax des Heliands " (Jahrbuch des Vereins für niederdeutscher Sprachforschung, XI, 72)
    • Psalms, 67, 6 and 73, 8
    • Kleinere Altniederdeutschen Denkmäler, Paderborn, 1877
  • 22
    This reference contains 2 citations:
    • Grimm, Deutsche Grammatik, IV, 103
    • Erdmann, Syntax der Sprache Otfrids, §§ 344 and 350.
  • 23
    Tatian, 90, 5.
  • 24
    Tatian, 135, 22.
  • 25
    Tatian (John 6, 10).
  • 26
    Journal of English and Germanic Philology, XVII, 1, Jan. 1918, p. 85.
  • 27
    Matthew, 5, 36.
  • 28
    John, 11, 37.
  • 29
    This reference contains 4 citations:
    • John, 5, 21
    • 2 Cor., 9, 10
    • 1 Thess., 3, 12
    • Yoshioka, op. cit., pp. 24-25.
  • 30
    Herrig, Archiv für das Studium der neueren Sprachen, 97, p. 27, 1. 8
  • 31
    Psalms (metrical version), 28, 8.
  • 33
    Blickling Homilies (E. E. T. S., O. S. 57), 239, 16.
  • 34
    Streifzüge durch die Mittelenglische Syntax, p. 236
  • 35
    The Infinitive in Anglo-Saxon, Washington, 1913.
  • 36
    Der Syntaktische Gebrauch des Infinitivs in der Altenglischen Poesie, p. 58.
  • 37
    Das Umschriebende Do in der Neuenglischen Prosa, p. 10.
  • 38
    Op. cit., p. 352.
  • 40
    English Grammar Past and Present, p. 357.
  • 42
    This reference contains 4 citations:
    • Bede's Eccl. Hist.
    • Wülfing, Syntax in den Werken Alfreds des Grossen, II, 90
    • Ælfric's Pentateuch
    • Ælfric's Homilies (Vol. 1)
  • 43
    This reference contains 3 citations:
    • Daniel, 168
    • Juliana, 138, 475
    • Christ, 1383.
  • 44
    ibid., 118, 156.
  • 45
    Psalms, 67, 6
  • 46
    This reference contains 2 citations:
    • Dietze's assumption (op. cit., p. 9)
    • Orosius, 48, 9
  • 47
    Matt.5, 45
  • 49
    Syntax in den Werken Alfreds des Grossen, II, 184 and 209.
  • 50
    Op. cit., p. 58.
  • 51
    Dietze considers Boethius' De Consolatione, 14, 17
  • 52
    Op. cit., p. 205.
  • 54
    Ker, The Dark Ages, pp. 307 and 311
  • 56
    This reference contains 10 citations:
    • Gen. 18, 6; 24, 21; 50, 24
    • Levit. 4, 3; 19, 19; 26, 9
    • Deut. 13, 5; 28, 11.
    • Gen. 47, 30
    • Deut. 28, 26.
    • Matt. 5, 32
    • Mark 1, 17; 5, 45; 7, 37
    • Luke 5, 34; 12, 37
    • Mark 1, 17
    • The Old and Middle English [1878], p. 147
  • 60
    Wülfing, op. cit., II, 93, 98, 179, 182, 188, 208, 565.
  • 61
    Callaway (loc. cit.)
  • 62
    This reference contains 2 citations:
    • Chronicles E. 664; C. 976
    • Ælfric, de Novo Test., 17, 22
  • 63
    This reference contains 2 citations:
    • Wulsftan's Homilies, 55, 17
    • 197, 21.
  • 64
    Simonson, Greek Grammar, §§ 2213, 2216 ff.
  • 65
    This reference contains 3 citations:
    • Ker, The Dark Ages: "Anglo-Saxon books in their handwriting and their shape have the air of libraries and learning about them, of wealth and dignity" (p. 251)
    • "fully developed language and a regular traditional method of expression" (p. 247).
    • "an uncouth language" "for a simple-minded audience" (p. 254).
  • 66
    This reference contains 4 citations:
    • Oliphant, op. cit., p. 458.
    • Mätzner, A Middle English Dictionary, s. v. don, 7.
    • Chaucer, Clerkes Tale, 731
    • Gower, Con- fessio Amantis, I, 2622.
  • 68
    the writer's article, "Auxiliary Do-1400-1450," Modern Philol- ogy, XII, 7, Jan., 1915.
  • 69
    " Robert Manning's Use of 'do' as Auxiliary," Modern Language Notes, Nov., 1918.
  • 70
    This reference contains 4 citations:
    • Sweet, New English Grammar, II, p. 88
    • Grien, Sprachschatz der A. E. Poesie, s. v. don
    • Mätzner, Englische Grammatik, II, pp. 62 ff.
    • Dietze, op. cit., pp. 7 ff.
  • 71
    This reference contains 2 citations:
    • Wülfing (op. cit., II, 43)
    • Boethius, 22, 13
  • 72
    This reference contains 2 citations:
    • Deutsche Grammatik, IV, 94.
    • Mätzner (op. cit., II, p. 62)
  • 74
    This reference contains 2 citations:
    • "i Pro Domo Mea," American Journal of Philology, XXXVII, 2, pp. 168ff.
    • Lanman, Sanskrit Reader, Vocab., pp. 142-143
  • 75
    Wulfstan's Homilies, 9, 6.
  • 76
    Beowulf, 1257.
  • 77
    Psalms, 128, 3.
  • 78
    Op. cit., p. 13.
  • 79
    Mätzner, Wörterbuch, 8. V. don, 9.
  • 82
    This reference contains 3 citations:
    • "Do Auxiliary—1400 to 1450," p. 193
    • Lexicon Totius Latinitas, s. v. facere, 6.
    • John, 8, 11
  • 83
    Genesis, 2468.
  • 84
    Wulfstan's Homilies, 28, 30.
  • 85
    This reference contains 6 citations:
    • Ibid., 119, 12
    • Ælfric's Homilies, II, 52, 25
    • Faciamus, igitur quod adhunc docere volumus (p. 354, II Cnut, 68)
    • Faciamus etiam, sicut nobis expedit: succurramus ... (p. 301, I Cnut, 20)
    • Landgraf, G., Historische Grammatik der Lateinischen Sprache, II, 1, 115.
    • Genesis, 2368
  • 86
    Op. cit., II 2172.
  • 87
    This reference contains 2 citations:
    • Chronicles, E. 1001
    • Pentateuch, Ex., 12, 35
  • 88
    Op. cit., p. 6
  • 89
    Genesis, xii, 18
  • 90
    Ibid, xl, 22
  • 94
    This reference contains 4 citations:
    • Ex., ix, 24; xxiii, 11
    • Numb., xi, 24
    • Lev., i, 15; xix, 29
    • Deut., xxxii, 39.
  • 96
    Op. cit., pp. 284 and 307.
  • 98
    Chronicles' use of macian, p. 354
  • 101
    Bede, Eccl. Hist., III, 18.
  • 102
    Yoshioka, A Semantic Study of Verbs of Doing and Making in the Indo- European Languages, p. 17.
  • 105
    Wülfing, op. cit., II, 90
  • 108
    This reference contains 2 citations:
    • Gen., xii, 2
    • Ex., V, 21.
  • 110
    This reference contains 2 citations:
    • Oliphant, op. cit., 226
    • Einenkel (Streifzüge durch die M. E. Syntax, p. 236)
  • 111
    Chronicles, F. 870 and E. 1075
  • 112
    This reference contains 2 citations:
    • Chronicles, E. 963
    • Genesis, xii, 2.
  • 113
    This reference contains 2 citations:
    • Wülfing, op. cit., II, 215
    • Ælfric's Homilies, I, 362, 34.
  • 114
    This reference contains 2 citations:
    • Psalms, 143, 14
    • Callaway, op. cit., p. 110.
  • 115
    Salamon and Saturn, 31-32.
  • 116
    Ibid., 174-175.
  • 117
    Ibid., 149.
  • 118
    This reference contains 2 citations:
    • Mark, 3, 14
    • Luke, 9, 14.
  • 119
    Lindisfarne Gospel, Luke, 5, 34.
  • 120
    This reference contains 3 citations:
    • Genesis, 254
    • Ælfric's Homilies, I, 254, 8
    • I, 482, 19.
  • 121
    This reference contains 2 citations:
    • John, 10, 33
    • Wulfstan's Homilies, 163, 2.
  • 123
    This reference contains 2 citations:
    • Luke, 14, 23.
    • Gal., 6, 12
  • 124
    Op. cit., p. 112.