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Predicate Union and the Syntax of Japanese Passives

Stanley Dubinsky
Journal of Linguistics
Vol. 33, No. 1 (Mar., 1997), pp. 1-37
Stable URL: http://www.jstor.org/stable/4176393
Page Count: 37
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Since scans are not currently available to screen readers, please contact JSTOR User Support for access. We'll provide a PDF copy for your screen reader.
Predicate Union and the Syntax of Japanese Passives
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Abstract

This paper presents a relational account of the Japanese constructions that are commonly referred to as 'passives'. They are shown to all be multipredicate, monoclausal constructions, with the differences between them primarily attributable to optionality in the lexical argument structure of the 'passive' predicate. The proposed analysis explains the differences between passives and causatives, despite their sometimes identical case-marking. Further, evidence from the interaction of unaccusative verbs and passive is shown to lead to a formal revision of the 1-Advancement Exclusiveness law. Finally, the differences between Japanese and Korean with respect to passives is reduced to a simple lexical difference between the two languages.

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