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Emphasis Spread in Arabic and Grounded Phonology

Stuart Davis
Linguistic Inquiry
Vol. 26, No. 3 (Summer, 1995), pp. 465-498
Published by: The MIT Press
Stable URL: http://www.jstor.org/stable/4178907
Page Count: 34
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Emphasis Spread in Arabic and Grounded Phonology
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Abstract

Most Arabic dialects possess pharyngealized coronal consonants traditionally called emphatics. When an underlying emphatic occurs in a word, emphasis (i.e., pharyngealization) typically spreads to neighboring sounds. This article offers an analysis of emphasis spread in two Palestinian Arabic dialects and discusses implications for phonological theory. By incorporating aspects of Grounded Phonology, the analysis accounts for the different sets of opaque phonemes found in these dialects and for the differences between rightward and leftward emphasis spread. Moreover, the Grounded Phonology approach predicts possible sets of phonemes that can be opaque to emphasis spread. The article concludes with a discussion regarding issues raised for Optimality Theory.

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