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Beitrag zur Kenntnis der Waldgesellschaften der Kleinen Karpaten, Slowakei 2. Standortsverhältnisse

Zdenka Neuhäuslová-Novotná
Folia Geobotanica & Phytotaxonomica
Vol. 6, No. 4 (1971), pp. 337-368
Published by: Springer
Stable URL: http://www.jstor.org/stable/4179644
Page Count: 32
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Beitrag zur Kenntnis der Waldgesellschaften der Kleinen Karpaten, Slowakei 2. Standortsverhältnisse
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Abstract

In diesem Beitrag werden die Standortsverhältnisse der kleinkarpatischen Laubwaldgesellschaften (Carici pilosae-Carpinetum, sekundärer Primula-Eichen-Hainbuchenwald, Festuco heterophyllae-Quercetum, Stellario-Alnetum, Carici remotae-Fraxinetum, Dentario bulbiferae-Fagetum, Cephalanthero-Fagetum, Phyllitidi-Aceretum, Luzulo-Fagetum, Eu-Quercion pubescentis, Luzulo albidae-Quercetum) behandelt. Besonders wurden die Beziehungen der genannten Gesellschaften zu den physikalischen und chemischen Bodeneigenschaften und Bodentypen sowie ihre Höhenverbreitung verfolgt. Ein zusammenfassender Standortsvergleich dieser Gesellschaften mit einem Bestimmungsschlüssel nach Standortsverhältnisschen ist beigefügt. /// In this paper, the ecological character of forest communities in the southern part of the Lesser Carpathians is discussed. The following communities were analysed: 1. a Carpathian oak-hornbeam forest Carici pilosae-Carpinetum with the moister Dryopteris subass., a typical subass. and the acidophilous Luzula albida subass., 2. a secondary Primula oak-hornbeam forest on calcareous soils, originating from Cephalanthero-Fagetum or Carici-Carpinetum as may be demonstrated by soil types (brown rendsina - Cephalanthero-Fagetum, rendsina-braunerde - Carici pilosae-Carpinetum), 3. an acidophilous subassociation of the mostly secondary, somewhat drier Festuco heterophyllae-Quercetum, 4. an alluvial ash-alder forest Stellario-Alnetum in lower situated valleys with the moister Chrysosplenium subass. and Allium ursinum subass. on fresh soils, 5. an alluvial forest Carici remotae-Fraxinetum on wet to swampy soils (nassgley), 6. a Carpathian herb-rich beech forest Dentario-Fagetum with the slightly oligotrophic Carex pilosa subass. and the very eutrophic Mercurialis subass., 7. a calcareous beech forest Cephalanthero-Fagetum with the moister Circaea subass., a typical subass. and the very thermophilous Carex alba subass., 8. a calcareous ravine forest Phyllitidi-Aceretum on shady slopes in submontane to montane regions, 9. an acidophilous beech forest Luzulo-Quercetum with the slightly acidophilous Luzula subass. and the more oligotrophic Deschampsia flexuosa subass., 10. xerophilous calcareous oak shrub forests of the Eu-Quercion pubescentis suballiance with the Sesleria xerophilous oak forest occurring on ridges and the more xerophilous Ceraso-Quercetum pubescentis on sunny slopes in the warmest regions, 11. an acidophilous oak forest of the lower regions, Luzulo-Quercetum, with a typical subass. and the Genista subass. The ecological relations of these communities are briefly discussed.

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