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Advertising, Its Determinants, and Market Structure

CHANG-YANG LEE
Review of Industrial Organization
Vol. 21, No. 1 (August 2002), pp. 89-101
Published by: Springer
Stable URL: http://www.jstor.org/stable/41799108
Page Count: 13
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Advertising, Its Determinants, and Market Structure
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Abstract

This study derives a formal model of firm advertising behavior and applies it to the industry level to figure out the relationship between advertising and market structure. The firm advertising model shows that both consumer preference and firm-specific advertising competence jointly determine profit-maximizing advertising intensity. At the industry level, advertising intensity is represented multiplicatively by consumer preference and a measure of market structure, which reflects the joint distribution of the levels of advertising competence and market shares among firms. The new market structure measure suggests that those single-dimensional measures of market structure such as seller concentration and the Herfindahl index are inadequate in explaining interindustry differences in advertising intensity, and that the long-debated advertising-concentration relationship differs depending primarily on the appropriability of advertising. An empirical analysis of 426 fivedigit Korean manufacturing industries shows that an inverted U-shaped relationship between the Herfindahl index and industry advertising intensity is observed for consumer goods industries but a lazy J-shaped relationship for producer goods industries.

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