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Am I Black Or Am I Indian? An Examination of the Marginality of the Estelusti

Ray Von Robertson
Journal of African American Studies
Vol. 10, No. 1 (Summer 2006), pp. 33-43
Published by: Springer
Stable URL: http://www.jstor.org/stable/41819105
Page Count: 11
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Am I Black Or Am I Indian? An Examination of the Marginality of the Estelusti
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Abstract

This study focused on the ways in which the Estelusti (Black Seminoles/Seminole Freedmen) negotiated their marginality within the Seminole Nation of Oklahoma and with non-Freedman blacks. Using content analysis, I analyzed ten in-depth interviews of card carrying Estelusti through the prism of Weisberger's (1992) general theory of marginality. Weisberger's theory of marginality contends that the marginal person or group is caught in a structure of double ambivalence that is negotiated via usage of one or more of four response patterns: assimilation, poise, return, and transcendence. Although poise was the most discernible response pattern employed by the Estelusti, further research is needed.

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