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NOMENCLATURA DI PARENTELA IN LUO E NDOGO BAHR EL GHAZAL (SUDAN)

STEFANO SANTANDREA
Africa: Rivista trimestrale di studi e documentazione dell'Istituto italiano per l'Africa e l'Oriente
Anno 22, No. 3 (SETTEMBRE 1967), pp. 286-300
Stable URL: http://www.jstor.org/stable/41852491
Page Count: 15
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NOMENCLATURA DI PARENTELA IN LUO E NDOGO BAHR EL GHAZAL (SUDAN)
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Abstract

Les listes de comparaison, qui, commençant par les Jour-Louo du Bahr el Ghazal, couvrent toutes les branches les plus importantes de la famille Lou, montrent un accord général, qui manque seulement dans peu de cas particuliers. Les langues soudanaises, tout en appartenant au même groupe (Ndogo), présentent au contraire un accord partiel et, là ou l'accord manque, chacune d'elles diffère d'une façon particulière, ce qui offre un assez vaste terrain d'étude. De plus, les différents types de parenté pourraient indiquer (c'est là une hypothèse) des types différents d'organisation familiale. Dans la nomenclature de parenté on note une osmose entre l'élément nilotique (Jour-Louo) et l'élément soudanais (Groupe Ndogo), qui est le resultat d'un rapport séculaire parmi des tribus de souche différente: en particulier entre les Bélanda-Bour, appartenant au groupe Louo, et les Bélanda-Bviri, appartenant au groupe Ndogo, auquels il faut ajouter les Bahis. C'est là une allusion à un problème plus ample, pour lequel l'A. renvoie le lecteur à ses oeuvres précédentes. Comparative lists, starting from Jour-Luo of the Bahr el Ghazal and covering all the most important languages of the Luo family, show their general agreement and the lack of it in a few details. The Sudanic languages, though belonging to the same group (Ndogo), agree only partially, and in what they disagree each language follows a different pattern. This appears to be a fairly vast field for investigation by students. Moreover, different types of terminology of relationship may indicate different types or organization of family — a point suggested with some doubt, and therefore offered to the competence of experts. There exists a mutual osmosis in some terms of relationship between the Nilotic (Jur-Luo) and the Sudanic element (Ndogo group), as a result of a long-lived interrelation between tribes of different stock: namely the Belanda-Bor belonging to the Luo group, and the Belanda-Bviri, belonging to the Ndogo group — to whom the Bai must be added. This is just a hint of a problem of broader dimensions, for which the author begs to refer to his previous publications.

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